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2011-2012


20112012


12 300 150



118

16 4 64 4 0 1 A CHON B mRNA C ATP DTi T-DNA DNA 2۩ A B Cp D 3Ǧ A Bb I X B 4 ]2 Cç D 4 A B C D 5 A B C D 6ۣ 3 B b Y

1

A B٧_ C D DNA NaCl DNA 7
2AH+I NO 3 SiO3 2CK+SO4 Cu2+NO 3


-

BNH+ OH Cl HCO 3 4
-





-

2 DAl3+Mg2+SO 4- CO 3

2-

8nA N A28g 2 nA B2.4g 0.1nA CnA CH2Cl2 22.4L D0.1mol/L NaOH ܧ nA 9 A B NaOH C KMnO4 D

14 Mg 24

10XYZW ֦ Y 3 AW>Z>Y>X BZ>W>X C4 Z DX 1125101kPa 2Na(s)1/2O2(g)=Na2O(s) H1=414 kJ/mol 2Na(s)O2(g)=Na2O2(s) H2=511kJ/mol A. B. C. Na 414 kJ/mol D. 25101kPa Na2O2s+2 Nas= 2Na2Os H=317kJ/mol 12 A B AlCl3 C NaCl2C1 C2e D糧FeC3e


X

Y Z W

= C12 = Fe 3+



13

2

A C B D

14 a v0 t h x A B Ct v 0 + at Dt ˧ x + h
2 2

h x 14

15 E T T A B A BA B CT D 16 ab a b I ab A Bab Cab Dab
a b I

B

A E 15

16

9 6 54 6 1 3 0 17 AO OB G AO OB =30AO T1OB T2 AT1 T2 CT2 G BT1 G DT1 T2 G u/V
220 2

B



A

O G 17

18 n1: n2=11:

t / 10?2ss
1 2 3

0
? 220 2

18
3

5 u 10 k A 5 11 B 511 C 310-2s D 10 A 19 ֧ A B 0.8m/s C9s D 20 MNPQ L B MP R m R ab 2 F v k A R PRM Bab BLv Ca b D F 212011 9 29 11 1 11 3 ْ 343km ۦ٬ A B C D 22


v/(m s-1) 1.0

0.5 t/s 0 5 10 19 15

M R P

a v

N

Q b 20

21



CaO

4

22

A







B CuSO4 C D 23 25 10.00 mL 0.01 mol/L HA 0.01 mol/L NaOH pH AHA Bb c(HA) = c(A ) Cc V= 10.00 mL


23


Dbcd c(Na+) + c(H+) = c(A ) + c(OH ) 24

24 A B C] Mg2+ D 25ۧRNA A B C D



182

k

5

§ҧզ 26.16
( Rubisco )


( Rubisco )

CO2

C4 PEP

C4

CO2

2C3 Rubisco C5 [H]



PEP ADP+Pi 1[H] ATP

CH2O 26

ATP

2 CO2

PEP CO2 Rubisco 60

C4 C3

3 CO2 C 4 ݧ 5 6-



27 16 ˦˧A R AR AR F1 1 2 F1

F1 ֧

F2 aa

3 AaRr AaR 4ԧ 5 PCR R

28 16 ۧ 1ɧ

6

ܦ ]



2

3 29 16
mmol/L 25 20 15 10 5 0 6 mm 10 8 6 4


12 18

2 0 h

28 3

. NaOH CuSO4 (+ NaOH CuSO4 NaOH CuSO4 1 . pH Cl Cu2+ 38.5 0.05g/mlNaCl 0.05g/ml CuSO4 - Cl- Cu2+ s 1 2ml + + + + +



+



+

+

2 60ց 3

7

3 0.05g/ml NaCl 1ml 0.05g/ml CuSO4

4 3 1% 1ml 5 30 16

R.F.Heck Heck 2010 :

X R

Heck E

1 A AB H2 2 I L

0.2mol A Na



3 A B B B 4E 5A F C

III



31 16 10%H2SO4

8



A


NH4HCO3 Zn B
2

Fe
Zn2(OH)2CO3

ZnO

Fe(OH)3

31

Fe(OH)2 pH Fe Fe 1 CuS ZnS H2SO4 ZnS CuS Ksp(CuS) 3 A AKMnO4 () BO2 2NH3(g) H0 2L CH2O2 DNaOH Ksp(ZnS) A 2 Fe
2 3 2

pH 6.3 1.5 6.2

pH 9.7 3.2 8.0

31

Zn

31

4 pHpH 5 B 32 16 N2(g)+3H2(g) 1 ա K=______________________ 2 4 v(NH3) 35 X

0.20mol N2 0.60mol H2 NH3

32

4 5 8 NH3 0.25 molL1 5 NH3 5N2 H2 N2H2 HClNH4Cl

9

33 16 Cl2 Na2CO3

33 1 A 2 B

3 C C NaHCO3 C ֧ NaHCO3 Na2CO3

34 HNO3BaCl2 AgNO3 1 3 1 C 12mL 5 2 BaCl2 7 3 9 4 4 C 2Cl2+2Na2CO3+H2O= 6 8 10 4 2

34 1 0.1W k

10

A 0500A 150 B 010mA 10 C 03V 5K D 015V 10K ET 1.5V F 12V 1A G0500.5A H Rx 34 1 10
mA
2.5 10 50 250
1K 200

40 500 100 50

30 25 15

10

5 I 2.5 5.0 2.5 ~

2



0
50 10 2 100 20 4
1 1.5
A ?V ? ?

~
V ~

0

150 30 6

0 0

200 40 8

250 50
2.5

5000? / V
2500? / V

~

00.5

2

?
OFF
100

1K 100 10 1

?
2.5 10

V ~

10

50 250

1

500 500

V

Rx A Rx V P A S A R E B A S B P R E B A S A Rx

A V P R E B

A

V

V P A S D R E B

C 34 2

2 PQ d P F0 F P Q t d t a a F

d P


Q

34 3

11

Aǧ B C D a a a a

O

F A

O

F B

O F 0

F C

O

F D

34 4 35 18 m =2.010-11kg q = +1.010-5C U1=100V T U2=100V L=20cm d = 10 3 cm 1T v0 2T v 3T B=
3 T 5

U2 U1 v0 v 35

D

B

D

36 18 mA=2kg A mB=1kg B A H v0 A A L=0.5m B vB=4m/s A x A B A AB =0.2g 10m/s2 A 1 B A v0 A H 2 x A

H B v0 A L x

36

12

20112012


4 64 1 D 9 B 2 B 10 D 3 A 11 D 4 A 12 C 5 C 13 A 6 B 14 D 7 C 15 D 8 A 16 B

6 54 2 0 17 AD 18 BD 19 AB 20 CD 21 AB 22 BD 23 AD 24 AD 25 BD

11 182 26 16 2 1 2PEP/C51 1 ա 1 1 3/ 4CO21 /1 5 1 27 16 2 1AaRr / 23/8 AARr AaRr1 1 ա 1/9 3ަAa 41 1 5Taq ( ) DNA 28 16 2 1 0 2 21 1 3 / 6PEG/

29 16 2 .11 2 31

NaOH CuSO4

13

.2 38.5

3 1

4-. 51 1 30 16 12 1 2 3 3 2.243

3 1 , HBr 1

3 C զ 0 4 5 1 2 31 16 1 2 2Fe + 2H+Fe2+ + H22 Fe + Cu2+Fe2+ + Cu2 3 Fe2+ Fe3+ 2 Fe2+ 1 BC 4 2 0 43.2~6.22 3.2~6.1 1 5(NH4)2SO4 2 1 32 16 1 2


20.025mol/(L ? min)3 , 2.510 20.025 2 ,˧ըmol/Lmin 1 3 2 1 Q<K 1 [1 1 ] 2 2 4 CNH3 molL-1

3 1 1 1 5

5N2 + 8H++ 6e==2NH4+2 NH4+ NH3 33 16

14

1MnO2+4HCl

MnCl2+Cl2+2H2O 2 1

1 0 2 Cl2 ݧ HCl 2 HCl 3NaCl 2 8 3 2 4 HNO3 1 AgNO3 1 3 1 2 3- HCO 3 2 BaCl2 HCO3- 1 1 1 1 4 3 BaCl2 1 1 1 1 1ը 1 2 AgNO3 3 3 1 34 I 10 1 1K 10001.0103 3 BDF 1 B3 2 a = 2 2

42NaHCO3+2NaClCl2O2 Cl2O 0

2d t2

3 C 3

BC 3

35 18 1T qU 1 = v0=1.0104m/s 2T

1 2 mv 0 2

.............2 .............1

a=

qU 2 md

............2

15

v y = at = a

L v0

.............2

T

tan =

vy v0

=

U2L 1 = 2U 1 d 3

.............2 .............1

=30o v =

v0 2 3 = 10 4 m/s cos 3
2

.............2 .............2 .............1 .............2

3ɧ D = r + r sin Bqv =
D=

mv r

mv0 (1 + sin ) qB cos

D=0.1m

.............1

36 18 1 B v0 vB=4m/s A vA A ? mB gL =

1 2 mA v A 2

............. 2

vA=1m/s < vBħէ 2 .............2 A L=0.5m AB

mB v0 = mAv A + mB vB
v0=6m/s

............. 2 .............1

B ݧ H=1.8m

1 2 m B v0 = m B gH 2

.............2 .............1 ............. 2

2 AB vA1vB1

mB v0 = mAvA1 + mB vB1
A ? mB g ( L + x) =

1 2 mAv A1 2

............. 2

A A vA1 A mA v A1 mB vB1 . ............ 2 x 0.625m .............2

16

17


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