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语音语调教材(学生)


语音语调

语音语调
英语的音标共有 48 个,分为元音和辅音 辅音共 28 个 包括爆破音 6 个:/b/,/p/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/ , , , , , 磨擦音 10 个:/f/,/v/,/θ/,//,/s/,/z/,/r/,//,//,/h/ , , , , , , ,, , 破擦音 6 个:/ts/,/dz/,/tr/,/dr/,/t/,/d/ , , , , , 鼻音 3 个:/m/,/n/,// , , 半元音 2 个:/w/,/j/ , 边音 1 个:/l/ 元音共 20 个 包括单元音 12 个:/i:/,/i/ ,/e/ ,/ /,/u:/,/u/,/:/,//,/: /,// , , , , , , , , /:/,/ / , 双元音 8 个:/ei/,/ai/,/i/,/u/,/au/,/i/,/u/,/e/ , , , , , ,

Lesson One
一,学习要点 1, 掌握 6 个爆破音发音技巧 2, 能够区分相对应的两个清浊辅音 二,学习内容 学习内容 1./p/&/b/ /p/:pen, piece, paper,pig, map, keep, people, stop /b/: boy, bad, bee, bed, brave, bus, die, member top student, rob the bank, stop him, stop Peter, rob him 2. /t/&/d/ /t/: get, fat, tell, hat, teach, light, letter, matter, bottle /d/: dad, daughter, red, day, dinner, add, would, duck let him be, sad David, hot dog, fat dad, red hat 3. /k/&/g/ /k/: come, cake, kind, cat, coin, break, bread, quiet /g/: go, guess, bag, good, hungry, example, god take time, hungry cat, come and go, good example
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语音语调

三,练习 1,绕口令 (1) A tidy tiger tied a tie tighter to tidy her tiny tail. (2) Betty Botter had some butter, "but," she said, "This butter's bitter. If I bake this butter, it would make my batter bitter. But a bit of better butter- that would make my batter better." (3) How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies. 2,听单词,辨音. (1) /p/&/b/ peak beak pack back rapid rabid plight blight (2) /t/&/d/ tip dip tan Dan toe doe bet bed (3) /k/&/g/ Kate gate cut gut close glows crime grime staple cap pride plays stable cab bride blaze

hit try spite heating coat lock tuck pick

hid dry spied heeding goat log tug pig

Lesson Two
一, 学习要点 1, 掌握 10 个摩擦音和一个边音发音技巧 2, 能够区分相对应的两个清浊辅音 二, 学习内容 1./f/ & /v/ . /f/:flower, four, photo, off, phone, belief, laugh, gift, fool
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/v/: visit, love, very, leave, voice, give, twelve, live, invite live a life, laugh & love, belief & believe, ferry & very 2. /θ/ & // /θ/: think, thick, thin, teeth, death, method, author, health //: there, that, clothes, weather, mother, this, those There are 3,333 features on that thrush's throat thrush [θr]: 画眉鸟 throat [θrut]:喉咙,咽喉 3. /s/ & /z/ /s/: say, yes, sit, seat, miss, loss, sister, season, science /z/: zoo, zero, does, those, is, has, puzzle, these, zip say these, loss those, this is

4. /∫/ & /З/ /∫/: she, sure, ship, English, short, passion, dictionary /З/: jeep, pleasure, measure, decision, usual, garage my pleasure, ship & jeep, share your decision 5. /r/: real, right, wrong, red, read, ride, ready, borrow Robert Rally rolled a round roll around the round road

6. /l/: help, lip, let, lap, light, late, line, believe, last, little little red lorry, wrong line, real help, little rabbit

6. /h/:hit, heat; head, her, hat, heart, who, how, horse Hundreds of horses' hard hoofs hit the hard high road 三, 练习 1, 绕口令 (1) Fresh fried fish, Fish fresh fried, Fried fish fresh, Fish fried fresh. (2) He threw three free throws. (3) Never trouble about trouble until trouble troubles you! (4) I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasn't the thought I thought. If the thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I
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语音语调

wouldn't have thought so much. 2, 听单词,辨音 (1) /f/ & /v/ fine vine feel veal proof prove (2) /θ/ & // free three sigh thigh pass path dare there (3) /s/ & /z/ sip zip spice spies lacer laser (4) /∫/ & /З/ sheep jeep fission vision passion pleasure (5 )/r/& /l/ red led rate late rise lies rife life

fast fat shuffle

vast vat shovel

sick closing doze fink

thick clothing those think

rice rise bussing buzzing priced prized

short shine shoes

sort sign choose

ray ring right road

lay ling light load

Lesson Three
一,学习要点 学习要点 1,掌握 6 个破擦音,3 个鼻音和 2 个半元音的发音规则 2,区分辨别清浊辅音 二,学习内容 学习内容 1. /t∫/&/ dЗ/
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语音语调

/t∫/:cheap, choose, change, charge, teach, catch, question / dЗ/:June, jump, gentle, bridge, juice, joy, cage, judge 2. /ts/&/dz/ /ts/:beats, hits, students, elephants, sports /dz/: lends, hands, birds, cards, 3. /tr/&/dr/ /tr/: tree, try, trade, train, trail, treat, trace /dr/: dress, drink, drive, dream 4. /m/&/n/&// /m/: man, most, summer, calm /n/: ran, bean, noon, funny, know //: rang, being, sing, long, wrong 5. /w/ and /j/ /w/: wait, twelve, what, white, weak, when /j/: year, Yale, yearn, yes, youth, music, usual 三,练习 练习 1,绕口令 (1) While we were walking, we were watching window washers wash Washington's windows with warm washing water. (2) Don't pamper damp scamp tramps that camp under ramp lamps. 2,听单词,辨音 (1) chest jest (2) riches (3) heads (4) thin (5) Pam (6) yak (7) Kim ridges hearts thing pang Jack kin king

choke beats try some tin

joke beads drive son ting

year wear rum run rung

3, 听句子,辨单词 (1) A. what does "chatter" mean? B. what does "shatter" mean? (2) A. do you get a "train"? B. do you get a "dream"? (3) A. they were excited about the new gain.
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语音语调

B. they were excited about the new game (4) A. there is a lock on the door. B. there is a knock on the door.

Lesson Four
一, 学习要点 1, 掌握 12 个单元音发音规则. 2, 区分长短单元音. 二, 学习内容 1. /i:/&/i/ /i:/: tea, bee, beeper, teacher, fee, geese, people /i/: sit, kiss, give, busy, kid, ship, pill 2. /e/ & // /e/: bed, better, get, elephant, set, guest, friend //: apple, had, have, sad, bag, haven, graduate

/e/

//

3. /:/& // /:/: bird, early, girl, work, hurt, further //: picture, today, teacher, brother, writer

4. /u/ & /u:/ /u/: book, took, foot, could, good, full, look /u:/: food, tool, loser, tooth, two, do, room, blue 5. // & /:/ //: odd, doll, box, loss, cost, fox, what, boss, got, dog /:/: order, tall, bored, caught, taught, war, draw, more 6. // & /:/ //: but, cut, mother, must, brother, love, other, trust
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语音语调

/:/: bar, car, guard, father, yard, park, dark, last 三,练习 练习 1,绕口令 (1) Bill's big brother is building a beautiful building between two big brick blocks. (2) A big black bug bit a big black bear. Where's the big black bear the big black bug bit? (3) Good cookies could be cooked by a good cook. If a good cook could cook good cookies. (4) Do you see the green leaves of each tree in the field? (5) A fat man sat on a black cat and the black cat was squashed flat, for the man was mad. 2,听单词,辨音 (1) eat it (2) beat bit (3) him hem (4) guess gas (5) pool pull (6) port pot (7) god guard

dark meal bet rid cooed sport park

duck mill bat red could spot puck

3, 听句子,辨别单词 (1) A. Did you heat it? (2) A. Where did you see the sheep? ship? (3) A. Can I use you pen? (4) A. I bought the forks only the other day. other day.

B. Did you hit it? B. Where did you see the B. Can I use your pan? B. I bought the fox only the

(5) A. Do you really care the last opportunity? B. Do you really care about the lost opportunity?

Lesson Five
一,学习要点 学习要点 掌握 8 个双元音的发音规则
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二,学习内容 学习内容 1,/i/ & /u/ & /e/ , /i/:ear, fear, tear, beer, here, hear, zero, near, really /u/: poor, tour, sure /e/: fare, fair, hair, care, bear, rare 2,/ei/ & /ai/ & / i/ , /ei/: eight, ate, fake, play, gay, late, gray /ai/: live, fine, five, drive, die, fly, quite, guy / i/: coin, annoy, noisy, employ, enjoy 3,/u/ & /au/ , /u/:low, no, know, those, load, slow /au/: loud, now, allow, mouse, mouth

三, 练习 1,绕口令 (1) I like to ride my light white bike, and fly a white light kite with my wife. (2) The man with hair dare not repair their chair there because there is a bear there. (3) I don't know why Joan showed a yellow coat to the goat in the snow. (4) There is no need to light a night light at a light night like tonight. 2,听单词,辨音 (1) peer pair (2) tear tare (3) bail bile (4) town

poor tour boil tone

fail file foil leer lair lure bay buy boy tail tell sell I like the red tie. I like the robots. POOL POOR Very easy. Delicious. Yes. D-E-A=R. Yes. D-A-R-E.
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(5) now know sale 3,听句子,回答问题 (1) A. How do you like the boy's ties? B. How do you like the boy' toys? (2) A. How do you spell "pool"? B. How do you spell "poor"? (3) A. How do you like the tests? B. How do you lie the tastes? (4) A. Can you spell "dear"? B. Can you spell "dare"?

语音语调

Lesson Six
一,学习要点 学习要点(Learning points) 学习要点 1,掌握单词中的重读,非重读音节. 2,掌握合成名词和名词短语的重读,非重读的规律. 二,学习内容 (Learning contents) 学习内容 1, What is syllable? , 音节(syllable)是英语读音的基本单位,任何单词的读音,都是分解为 一个个音节朗读.一般说来,元音音素可以构成音节,辅音音素不响亮, 不能构成音节. 两元音音素之间有一个辅音音素时, 辅音音素归后一音节, stu'dent 如: 学生,la'bour 劳动.有两个辅音音素时,一个辅音音素归前一音节,一个 归后一音节,如: win'ter 冬天 sum'mer 夏天. 2, How to pronounce stressed syllable? , Lengthen it: 把元音拉长 Say it louder with clear vowel: 重读的音节中元音要发的饱满,清晰. Raise the pitch: 重读音节要发得比其他音节更有强度,音要更高. Examples: parent, society, dictionary, apple, hand, introduction 3,Some pronunciation rules , 名词,形容词和动词形式相同的双音节单词,一般来说: 名词:重音在第一个音节 present (礼物), export(出口) 形容词:重音在第一个音节 present (现在的,当今的) 动词:重音在第二个音节 present (呈现,出席) export (出口) 名词短语和合成名词的重读单词区别 名词短语(noun-phrase):重读在中心单词. eg:a beautiful girl, sleeping dog, golden watch, head doctor 合成名词(compound noun):重读在第二个单词. eg:gold fish, hot pot, frying pan, head doctor, 专有的地名,组织名称,不论有多少个单词,重读在第二个单词 Hong Kong New York City the People's Republic of China United States Long Island

4, stressed words & unstressed words in a sentence , 在一个句子中,一般有三个层次的重读单词: Strong stress(强调重读): 用于非常核心,或是十分要强调的单词
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Stress(重读): 用于实义词(content words)中. Unstressed words(非重读): 用于功能词(function words)中 三:练习 (practicing time) 练习 1, 听单词,在重读音节下面划横线. , parent partner pursue women bathroom badminton dictionary notebook grandfather basketball Easter Sunday Long Island United Nations 2, 读下列对话,分辨句子中的单词的轻重读. , A. –Would you like tea or coffee? –I'll have coffee, please. –Milk and sugar? –No milk. I want a black one, thanks. B. –Hi, Bob. Are you going to the library? –I want to go to the bookshop. I need to buy some books. –When do you want to go? --At 2:30p.m.

Lesson Seven
一,Learning points 1,英语中的连读(Linking) 2,英语中的语调(Intonation of English) 二,Learning contents Linking 在连贯地说话或朗读时,在同一个意群(即短语或从句)中,如果相邻的两 个词 前者 以辅 音音 素 结尾,后者 以元 音音 素 开头,就要 自然 地将 辅 音和 元音 相拼,构成一个音节,这就是连读.连读时的音节一般不重读,只需顺其自然 地一带而过,不可以加音,也不可以读得太重.如:not at all 这个短语. 注意:连读只发生在句子中的同一个意群中.在两个意群之间即使有两 个相邻的辅音和元音出现,也不可连读. 区分:Please take a look at it. & Here is a book in it. 连读的条件: (1)"辅音 元音 型连读 辅音+元音 辅音 元音"型连读
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在同一个意群里,如果相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个 词是以元音开头,这就要将辅音与元音拼起来连读. I'm~an~English boy. It~is~an~old book. Let me have~a look~at~it. Ms Black worked in~an~office last~yesterday. I called~you half~an~hour~ago. Put~it~on, please. Not~at~all. Please pick~it~up. (2)"辅音 半元音 型连读 辅音+半元音 辅音 半元音"型连读 英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是 以半元音,特别是/j/开头,此时也要连读. Thank~you. Nice to meet~you. Did~you get there late~again? Would~you like~a cup~of tea? Could~you help me, please? "音的同化" —常把/d/+/j/读成/ d /,did you 听上成了/di d u/,would you 成 了/wu d u/,could you 成了/ku d u/. (3)元音 元音/:/+/ / 连读 元音 在两个元音之间加/r/连读.如:her own, (4)"爆破音 爆破音 型 爆破音+爆破音 爆破音 爆破音"型 the idea of

6 个爆破音【t,d,k,g,p,b】中的任意 2 个相临时,前一个爆破音 会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发 后面的爆破音. The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now. The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people. Wha(t) time does he get up every morning? This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car. The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too. We're going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday. What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee? It's a very col(d) day, but it's a goo(d) day. You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden. Intonation
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语音语调

Falling(降调) :用于陈述句,祈使句中,特殊疑问句. Rising(升调) :用于疑问句中. Eg: Is Jone in? No. Jone is not in. What is your father do? He is a businessman Can I read it tomorrow? Don't go to the supermarket today. 同一个句子,不同语调,句子表达的情感,意思不相同. Sorry? & Sorry! Are you hungry? I will bring some food to you. Are you hungry? You had you lunch 30 minutes ago.

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