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OTN-


OTN

010-62282139; lgr24@bupt.edu.cn 2011.5.23


1
2 3 4

DWDMOTN
OTN

OTNZ

-2-

?


? d ? ?






Troy is dead







-4-

Claude Chapped

(1793-1852)
-5-

Alexander Graham Bell
1880634
Bell

(Light Telephone)
(1847-1922)




















-6-


?




John Tyndall, 1870
?





1000dB/km
1960
?

X




1979



-7-




? ? ?



? ? ?



? ? ?




? ? ?




-8-



10-4



10-2

400



1

X -

600

800 102




1000

nm

104




106

1200
O-band (1260-1360nm) 1400 E-band (1360-1460nm) S-band (1460-1530nm) C-band (1530-1565nm) L-band (1565-1625nm) U-band (1625-1675nm)



108

1600



1800

1010

nm

1012

-9-






()
Tx Rx
TZ Amp



Amp C D Q



I






CDR

- (IM-DD)
- 10 -

?


? ? ?


2009/12
7.47 3.14

2010/12
8.59 2.94



Source: MIIT; CNNIC

3.84 866,367 Mbps
826.7

4.57 1,098,957 Mbps
995

- 12 -


60K 120K 256K 512K 512K 1M VoIP H.264/AVS MPEG4 / 3~5 60K 120K 256K 512K 512K 1M 1.5M 2M 2.5M 3M 4M 8M 15M 20M 30M 1.5M 2M 2.5M 3M 4M 8M 15M 20M 30M

- 13 -


?

2009-2014IP40.767Zettabyte
(CAGR)34%
?

201412IP1 7200IP

- 14 -


/


C?A?P








Capacity
? ?

Agility
? ? ? ? ?

Power
? ? ? ? ?

?
? ?



a





- 15 -


?
?

C?A?P


10-15

~Tb/s 40Gb/s
~Pb/s ~Tb/s




- 16 -


IP

Cluster

C?A?P

? ? ?



IP
?



LAN
UMTS



? ?

: (IP) ?



OBADM

? ?







?
?
? ? ? ?



- 17 -


640Gb/s 100Tb/s

C?A?P
1Pb/s

10.8KW
CRS-1

~1.7MW
160?CRS-1

~17.4MW ()
1600?CRS-1




- 18 -



- 19 -



- 20 -

/

- 21 -



- 22 -




TDM TDM
(SDH)


Packet Over Transport (MSTP)
EOS RPR MPLS

IP
GMPLS

TDM



IP OVER WDM (ROADM) PTN OTN

WDM(OXC)

IP



1997-2001

2001-2010

2010- 23 -

All IP
All IP
Metro


Backbone


? ? ? ? ? ?

/ // OAM
- 24 -




IP/MPLS core SDH/MSTP PTN OTN

Optical Core (WDM,SDH,OTH,ROADM?) ASON/GMPLS
- 25 -

?




IP







IP
IP







- 27 -



- 28 -








//




1?s-100?s
10ns-10?s

U






- 29 -



GMPLS



?-routing


- 30 -



OPS







- 31 -



OBS





- 32 -










- 33 -

MP?S
IP MPLS IP

A 7
5

C

B

D

IN IF IN LABEL OUT IF OUT LABEL A 2 D 3 B 5 C 7 B 9 D 7

OXC
?OUT

?IN

- 34 -

(GMPLS)

PSC Cloud

TDM Cloud

LSC Cloud

FSC Cloud
Fiber 1 Fiber n

LSC Cloud

TDM Cloud

PSC Cloud

Bundle

FA-PSC FA-TDM

Explicit Label LSPs

Time-slot LSPs

? LSPs

FA-LSC

? LSPs

Fiber LSPs

Time-slot LSPs

Explicit Label LSPs

(Multiplex Low-order LSPs)

(Demultiplex Low-order LSPs)

- 35 -

(ASON)
LN1 LN2 LN3

(CP)
CCI
LN1 LN2 LN3

NMI-A
CP TP

NMI-T

(MP)

(TP) CCI





(DCN)

NMI

- 36 -

++















- 37 -

(SDH)
x1 STM-256 AUG-256 x4 x1 AU-4-256c VC-4-256c C-4-256c

x1
STM-64 AUG-64

x1
AU-4-64c x4 VC-4-64c C-4-64c

x1 STM-16 AUG-16

x1 AU-4-16c x4 VC-4-16c C-4-16c

x1 STM-4 AUG-4

x1 AU-4-4c x4 x1 AU-4 x3 AU-3 VC-3 x7 x1 VC-4 x3 TUG-3 x7 x1 TU-3 VC-3 C-3 C-4 VC-4-4c C-4-4c

x1 STM-1 AUG-1

x1 STM-0

TUG-2

TU-2
x3 TU-12

VC-2

C-2

˧

VC-12

C-12

x4 TU-11 VC-11 C-11

- 38 -

(DWDM)
OTU ?1 ?1 OTU

Mux

...

OBA

OLA

OLA
...

OPA

Demux

Mux





Demux






OTU ?k
OSC

?k

OTU





?k+1

.

OPA

OLA

OLA

OBA

?k+1



.



OSC

?N

OSC

OSC

?N
OSC


.



OBA OLA OPA

OTU OSC Mux/Demux/ - 39 -

(OTN)

- 40 -

(PTN)
MPLS

IP

Enhanced
MPLS header Connection-oriented, LSP, LDP, Traffic Engineering PWE3, BFD/FRR

IP payload

Simplified & Enhanced
L3 ignorance Bi-direction LSP Carrier Class OAM & Protection (opt)

T-MPLS / MPLS-TP
IP payload IP header Encapsulation MPLS header Encapsulation PHY
Connection-oriented OAM& PS QoS Guarantee MPLS/IP decoupling Simplified (opt)

IP Payload IP header Encapsulation

IP header Encapsulation MPLS header Encapsulation PHY
Connection-oriented QoS Guarantee MPLS/IP coupling Complexity

PHY
Best Effort Connectionless Poor QoS IP routing Single service
?
?

SDHOAM MPLS-TPMPLSPTN
- 41 -

(AON)

- 42 -




? ? ? ?

1 (MSTP) 2 (IP over WDM) 3 (PTN) 4 (OPS)
- 43 -


1
2 3 4

DWDMOTN
OTN

OTNZ

- 44 -

?

(WDM)
? ? ?




Sir Isaac Newton
(1642-1727) and his Corpuscular Theory of Light

- 46 -

Wavelength-Division

Multiplexing






- 47 -


OFDM=WDM ( !)
? ? ? ?

FDM

...



SDM

OSDM
SDM FDM TDM WDM

TDM OTDM

- 48 -

WDMOTDM
?-Controlled Laser
?1 ETDM ETDM ETDM ETDM ?2 ?3 ?4

80 Gbit/s - 10 Tbit/s - ....
WDM
?

WDM

Modulators

WDM
80 Gbit/s - 1.28 Tbit/s Ultra Fast Optical DEMUX
4 3 2 1 t

Pulse Source
1 ETDM ETDM ETDM 4 ETDM 2 3

1 2 3 4

Modulators

OTDM
- 49 -

WDM
TDM TX RX TDM


TDM TX RX TDM


WDM MUX
WDM DEMUX

TDM

TX

RX

TDM


- 50 -



(dBm)

40

YDFA

PDFA

20

10 0 1200 1400 1600 1800

(nm)

EDFA
TDFA

PDFA
YDFA

TDFA

EDFA

30

Raman

- 51 -

WDM
11 64Kb/s 12500

9.6

- 52 -

WDM
? ? ?




?
? ?

/


?
? ?




?


- 53 -

؛ (CWDM)
1260-1360 1360-1460 1460-1530

1530-1565
1565-1625

1.2

O


wavelength (nm) S E

C

L
20

(dB/km)



10

0.6

0.3
1271 1291 1311 1331 1351


1371 1391 1411 1431 1451 1471 1491 1511 1531 1551 1571 1591 1611

0

0 1300

-10

1400

1500

1600 nm

ITU-T G.694.2 CWDM1271-1611nm20nm
- 54 -

(ps/nm.km)

0.9

(DWDM)
Fiber G.652 / G.655
Band C
1530 1565

Band L
1610/1625? [nm]

8050GHz
0dB
0 -5

-1 -100 -1 5

L o ss (d B )

-2 -200 -2 5

-3 -300 -3 5

-4 -400 -4 5 1530 1530 1532 1535 1537 1540 1540 1542 1545 1547 1550 1550 1552 1555 1557 1560 1560 1562

nm

W a v e le n g th (n m )

ITU-T G.694.1DWDM193.1THz12.5,25,50100GHz
- 55 -

DWDM
SDH STM-n Gigabit Ethernet Fast Ethernet ATM Fiber Channel ESCON FICON HDTV FDDI .

- 56 -

DWDM
20010Gb/s 400-600km80-120km
Tx Rx Rx Tx Tx Rx Rx Tx Tx Rx Rx Tx Tx Rx Tx Rx

Tx Rx

Rx Tx Tx Rx

Rx Tx Tx Rx

Rx Tx Tx Rx

Tx Rx

400 - 600km


Tx Rx

DCLA

DCLA

DCLA

Tx Rx

Tx Rx

Tx Rx

2000 - 5000 km
- 57 -

DWDM
TX RX
SDH

RX TX
SDH



































- 58 -


OTU Demux Mux 3R Demux OTU

Demux Mux

B P

L L

Demux Mux

OTU

3R

OTU

L L

P B

B P

L L

L L

P B

Mux

OTU


S? R?

3R


S? R?

OTU


MPI-S 3R B MPI-R Mux L MPI-S


MPI-R Demux P

- 59 -

OTU
SDHS
2.5G- G.957 10G - G.691 VSR - G.693
(J0,B1)

O

E

O

DWDMSn
G.692










(J0,B1)





- 60 -

/
(AWG)
0
transmission (dB)

-10 -20 -30 -40 1550

L+4DL L+3DL L+2DL ?1 ?n L+DL L

1555

1560 1565 wavelength (nm)

1570

1575

?1 ?n
- 61 -


(EDFA)
11/ 2

4

WDM


EDF

I

WDM

980nm

10ms





4

I13/ 2

980/1480nm

1520~1570nm

4

I15/ 2
- 62 -

3R
3R
P B Demux Mux Demux Mux P B

3R

3R
(J0,B1)







- 63 -



WDM

WDM

WDM



(OSC)

OSC

OSC

OSC

- 64 -

(WSS)

ICs Developed for HDTV displays
Combines Si CMOS backplane with LC overlay - gives high resolution (1280 x 768 pixel) reflective display engine

CMOS backplane is commercially available HDTV chip

Takes advantage of extensive development in HDTV to create a low-cost, highly flexible optical switching core
- 65 -

(ROADM)
Flexible Banded
Band Drop Band Add

Wavelength-Selective Switching
N x N Switch Matrix VOAs

DEMUX

DEMUX

MUX

Drop Channels

Add Channels

Drop Channels

Add Channels

Broadcast and Select
Drop Module
Coupler Wavelength Blocker

Bus-Like & Minimal Switching
2x1 Switches VOAs

Add Module Drop Module
Coupler Coupler

MUX DEMUX
Add Channels

DEMUX

MUX

DEMUX

Drop Channels

Add Channels

Drop Channels

Add Module

MUX

?

(OTN)
? SDH ? DWDM


VC-12/VC-4

TDM

IP/MPLS/
WDM J0,B1,

SDH

WDM /

_



IP over SDH over WDM IP
- 68 -

WDM

WDM

SDH

OTN

1980S

1990S


- 69 -

OTN
? ? ?

1998ITU-TOTNG.872 1999Lucent Digital Wrapper 2002ITU-TOTNG.709 (OTH) 2000(ASON) OTN

?

- 70 -

OTN
?


?

OTN

?


?

ODU0/ODU1/ODU2(e)/ODU3/ODU4 TCM1 TCM6 G.709 FEC, FEC,
- 71 -

?

TCM
?

?

FEC
?

OTNSDH
OTNSDH
? OTNFEC ? SDHFEC ? OTNSDH OTN

- 72 -

OTNSDH
SDH
(PATH)
(MS)

OTN
(OCh)
(OMS) (OTS)

(RS)

(FIBER)
- 73 -

OTNSDH
OTNSDH
?

OTNSDH SDH (GE) , (GE ) OTN -OTN SDH OTN , SDH ASON OTN SDH OTN (OTN ASON) - ŧ
- 74 -

?

?

OTNWDM






















. . .






?

OTN ? ODUk ? ODUkODUkW
- 75 -

OTNWDM
ODUk
ODUk





...



OCH

OCH

OCH (OCH)

OCH

OCH

OMS

OTS

- 76 -

OTNWDM
ODUk


...



ODUk

ODUk

ODUk



ODUk

/

ODUk

ODUk

ODUk

ODUk

...



OCH

OCH

OCH (OCH)

OCH

OCH





OMS

OTS

- 77 -

OTNWDM
?

WDMOTN OTN WDMG.709 (OMS)WDM

?

WDM

O-E-O OTN WDM WDM
- 78 -


1
2 3 4

DWDMOTN
OTN

OTNZ

- 79 -

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 80 -

OTN/

- 81 -

OTN

- 82 -

OTN

?

OTN OTN IrDI IaDI

- 83 -

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 84 -







(Och)
(OMS)

(OTS)


? ? ?

- 85 -






(Och)
(OMS)

(OTS)
(OMS)

? ? ?

- 86 -






(Och)
(OMS)

(OTS)


? ?
- 87 -

OTM-0.m
OTM-0.m

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea O n d P t, Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

?

OTM-0.mӧ OTUk m=1=2.5G, 2=10G, 3=40Gm=2m=3 OTUk

? ?

- 88 -

OTM-n.m
?n
1 1 2 3 4 16 17 3824 3825 4080

O Fr TU am k, e O A O D lig ve Uk nm rh & e ea O nt d P , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

OTM-n.m

1 1 2 3

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr TU am k, e O A O D lig ve Uk nm rh & e ea O nt d P , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

1 2 3 4

O Fr TU am k, e O A O D lig ve Uk nm rh & e ea O nt d P , Uk

?? ? ?? ? ? ?1 ? ?OSC
OTM Overhead Signal (OOS)

4

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr TU am k, e O A O D lig ve Uk nm rh & e ea O nt d P , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

1

16 17

3824 3825

4080

2 3 4

O Fr TU am k, e O A O D lig ve Uk nm rh & e ea O nt d P Uk

1

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

1

16 17

3824 3825

4080

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

?

OTM-n.m OTUkOOS
n=n=40,n=80 m=1=2.5G,2=10G,3=40Gm=2m=123

? ? ?

OTUk OTUkVAFECFEC
- 89 -

OTM-nr.m
?1?
1 1 2 3 4 16 17 3824 3825 4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea n d OP t , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

OTM-16r.m

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea n d OP t , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

?? ?? ?? ?? ?1

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea n d OP t , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea n d OP t Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

1 1 2 3 4

16 17

3824 3825

4080

O Fr a TU m k, eA O OD lig ve U n rh k & me ea n d OP t , Uk

Payload (4 x 3808 bytes)

OTU FEC k (4 x 256 bytes)

?

OTM-nr.m OTUk n=n=40,n=80 r=Reduced m=1=2.5G,2=10G,3=40Gm=2m=123
- 90 -

? ? ? ?

OTM-n.mOTM-nr.m
Clients (e.g. STM-N, ATM, IP, Ethernet) OPUk
ODUkP
OCh

ODUkT OTUkV OTUk OTUkV OTUk

OCh OMSn

OChr

OPSn OTSn


OTM-n.m Full functionality

OTM-0.m Reduced OTM-nr.m functionality - 91 -

substructure

ODUk

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 92 -


?

OTUk OTUk OTN

? ? ? ?

- 93 -

-
? ?

OTNOTUk OTUkOTN

?

OTMnOTUk
OTUk
OPUk OH

3824

3825

1 Alignm 2 3 4

OTUk OH

ODUk

Client Signal mapped in OPU k Payload OPUk Payload

OTUk FEC

4080

14 15 16 17

1

7 8

- 94 -

-
OTU type OTU1 OTU nominal bit rate 255/238 2 488 320 kbit/s OTU bit-rate tolerance

OTU2
OTU3 OTU4

255/237 9 953 280 kbit/s
255/236 39 813 120 kbit/s 255/227 99 532 800 kbit/s

?20 ppm

ODU type
ODU0 ODU1 ODU2

ODU nominal bit rate
1 244 160 kbit/s 239/238 2 488 320 kbit/s 239/237 9 953 280 kbit/s

ODU bit-rate tolerance

?20 ppm

ODU3
ODU4 ODU2e ODUflex for CBR client signals ODUflex for GFP-F mapped client signals

239/236 39 813 120 kbit/s
239/227 99 532 800 kbit/s 239/237 10 312 500 kbit/s 239/238 client signal bit rate configured bit rate (see Table 7-8) ?100 ppm client signal bit rate tolerance, with a maximum of ?100 ppm ?20 ppm

- 95 -

-
OTU/ODU/OPU type ODU0/OPU0 OTU1/ODU1/OPU1/OPU1-Xv OTU2/ODU2/OPU2/OPU2-Xv OTU3/ODU3/OPU3/OPU3-Xv OTU4/ODU4/OPU4 ODU2e/OPU2e ODUflex/OPUflex Period (Note) 98.354 s 48.971 s 12.191 s 3.035 s 1.168 s 11.767 s CBR client signals: 121856/client_signal_bit_rate GFP-F mapped client signals: 122368/ODUflex_bit_rate

?

SDHG.709 OTN SDH8K
- 96 -

-
OTUk
?

2.5G40G/ 100G4
ODUi1ODUkODUi ODUkODUiODUk

?

?

SDHOPUkSDH ODUii<k
FEC10GOTUk SDH FEC SDH OTUkGE10GE
- 97 -

? ? ?

?

-
?

OPUkODUkODUkOTUk OTUkOPUk,OPUk ODUkODUk OTUk OTUkODUkODUk ާOTUk FECSM OTUkODUkOPUk

?

- 98 -

-
?

ODUkOTUk OTUkOTUkODUk ODUkOTUkODUk OTUk OTUkOTUk ODUkODUkOTUk OTUk ODUk OPUkODUkOPUk OTUkOPUk OPUk
- 99 -

?

-

- 100 -

-
OTN
?
?




?

?

- 101 -

-

? ? ? ?



?
?



- 102 -

-

?

01 SDH20xf620x28 2ms Z
- 103 -

?

? ?

?

-

? ? ? ?

SDHB1,B2

OTUkBIP8SM-BIP8
OTUkFEC GE8b/10b

- 104 -

-

? ? ?


SDHJ0OTUkTTITrail Trace Identifier

?

- 105 -

-

?
? ?


OPUkPTPayload Type

?



- 106 -

-

?

M AISOCILCK M

? ?

- 107 -

-

?

AISAlarm Inidation Signal AIS OCIOpen Connection Indication Z LCKLoCKed defect ZLCKLCK Z
- 108 -

?

?

-
OTN
OTNODUk֧Z
Column #

1 1
Row #

78

14

17

3824

FA OH
STAT

OTUk OH
STAT STAT FTFL

2
STAT STAT

ODUk-AIS
All-1s pattern

STAT

3 4

STAT

Column #

G.709/Y.1331_F16-2

1 1
Row #

78

14

17

3824

FA OH
STAT

OTUk OH
STAT STAT

2
STAT

ODUk-OCI
Repeating "0110 0110" pattern

STAT

STAT

3 4

STAT

1 1
Row #

78

14

17

Column #

3824 G.709/Y.1331_F16-3

FA OH
STAT

OTUk OH
STAT STAT

2
STAT

STAT

STAT

3 4

STAT

Repeating "0101 0101" pattern

ODUk-LCK
G.709/Y.1331_F16-4

- 109 -

-
ODUk bit rate: 239/(239-k) * "STM-N"
3824

OPUk OH

1 Alignm 2 3 4

OTUk OH

ODUk

Client Signal OPU k Payload mapped in OPUk Payload

3825

OTUk FEC

Client Signal OPUk - Optical Channel Payload Unit ODUk - Optical Channel Data Unit OTUk - Optical Channel Transport Unit

Alignment

k indicates the order: 1 2.5G 2 10G 3 40G

4080

OTUk
14 15 16 17 1 7 8

- 110 -

OTUk bit rate: 255/(239-k) * "STM-N"

-
OTUk
Column Row 1 2 3 4 1 7 8 OTUk SPECIFIC OVERHEAD AREA SM GCC0 RES
TCM5 TCM4

14

15

16

OPUk OH

TCM3 GCC1

ODUk
GCC2

OPU k Payload
RES

TCM2 ODUk SPECIFIC OVERHEAD AREA TCM1 PM APS/PCC

RES JC Mapping FTFL RES JC & Concat Specific EXP RES JC
PSI NJO PJO

ACT: Activation/deactivation control channel MFAS: MultiFrame Alignment Signal 0 1 9 10 127 128 129 137 138 255 APS: Automatic Protection Swiching PCC: Protection Communication 0 Control channel PT 1 2 3 Operator Operator Operator Operator Specific coordination channel Specific PM: Path Monitoring FTFL Identifier2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 8 Identifier 1 7 Mapping EXP: Experimental PSI: Payload Structure Identifier TTI BIP-8RES: Reserved Backward international BEI/BIAE Fault Fault Forward FAS: Frame Alignment Signal for future STAT& Concat Indication Indication 255 FTFL: Fault Type & Fault Location standardisation Specific Field Field reporting channel SM: Section Monitoring GCC: General Communication Channel TCM: Tandem Connection Monitoring TCMi BDI

OPUk SPECIFIC OVERHEAD AREA

OTUk FRAME ALIGNMENT OVERHEAD AREA MFAS FAS Alignm OH TCM TCM6 RES ACT

- 111 -

-
OTUk
?

OTUk-AISOTUkPN-11PN-11204701 PN-11OTUk0xf60x28 FAS111630xf630x286FASFrame Alignment Signal LOFFAS44080*4FAS4 LOFLOFӧLOF 2ms MFAS11 MFASTTI LOMMFAS1LOMӧLOM 2ms FEC255255FEC 23916FECFEC8 8FEC16 16
- 112 -

?

?

?

?

?

-
OTUk
?

BIP-82153824 OPUk֧OPUk
1
BIP8

1

14 15

3824

Frame i

2 3
BIP8

OPUk

4

BIP8

Frame i+1

1 2 3

Frame i+2

1 2 3 4

BIP8

4

G.709/Y.1331_F15-11

- 113 -

-
OTUk
?

AB A1OTUkBBOTUkA OTUkOTUk OTUk

?

OTN ġLOF

- 114 -

-
OTUk
?

BEIBackward Error Indicaiton4 0000b-1000b0-8 0

?

TTI64TTI1 6464TTIOTUkTTI 3SAPIDAPI16 32
BDI101 OTUkLOFLOM BDI

?

- 115 -

-
OTUk
?

IAE1SMSTAT=010b(TCMi) OTUk IAE BIAE1SMBEI=1011(TCMi )IAEBIAEBIAE STATPMTCMSTAT3STAT AIS,LCK,OCI,LTC

?

?

- 116 -

-
OTUk
?

GCC32 JC 5 OPUk OPUk JC 20ppm PT1

?

?

- 117 -

-
SM,PMTCMi
SM 1 TTI 2 BIP-8 3
1 TTI PM 2 BIP-8 3
1 TTIi TCMi 2 BIP-8i 3

0 SAPI 15 16 DAPI 31 32 Operator specific

1

2

3

4

5
BDI

6
IAE

7

8

0 SAPI 15 16 DAPI 31 32 Operator specific 63

1

2

3

4

5
BDI

6

7

8

0 SAPI 15 16 DAPI 31 32

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

BEI/BIAE

RES

BEI

STAT

BEIi/BIAEi

BDIi

STATi

G.709/Y.1331_F15-10

G.709/Y.1331_F15-13

G.709/Y.1331_F15-14

Operator specific 63

63

- 118 -

-
? ? ?

SMOTUk PMOTUkOTUkOTUkOTUk TCMPMZ ZZ

PM

TCM2

TCM3

STM-64

OAC IN

STM-64

OTU10G

OCH OUT

OTU2

OCH1 OCH1 IN OUT

OTU2

OCH1 OCH1 IN OUT

OTU2

OCH1 OCH1 IN OUT

OTU2

OCH1 OCH1 IN OUT

OTU2

OCH1 OCH1 STM-64 IN OUT

OTU10G

OTU10G
OTU2 OCH2 OCH2 OUT IN OTU2

OTU10G
OCH2 OCH2 OUT IN OTU2

OTU10G
OCH2 OCH2 OUT IN OTU2

OTU10G
OCH2 OCH2 OUT IN

OAC OUT

OCH OTU2 IN

OCH2 OCH2 OUT IN

STM-64

SM

SM

SM

SM

SM

- 119 -

-
ODU0
?

G.709ǧ
? ?

1.25G1.244160 Gbit/s?20ppm 200910GE ODU1 ODU3 *2 *32 ODU2 *8 ODU4 *80

?

ODU
? ?

?

ODU0
?
?

1GbE
STM-4

STM-1
FC-100

?

ODU0
?

ODU0
- 120 -

-
ODU1
?

2.5G
? ? ?

ODU1 = 2.498775Gbit/s OTU1 = 2.666057Gbit/s

ODUODU0
ODU01 TS STS-48 STM-16 FC-200

?

2*1.25G tributary slots
?

?

ODU1
? ? ?

- 121 -

-
ODU2
?

10G
? ? ?

ODU3 = 10.037273Gbit/s OTU3 = 10.709224Gbit/s

ODUODU0ODU1
ODU01 TS ODU12 1.25G TS1 2.5G TS ODU flex 1-8 1.25G TS STS-192

?

8*1.25G 4*2.5G
? ? ?

?

ODU2
? ?

STM-64
- 122 -

-
ODU2e
?

20091010GODU
? ? ?

OTU3/OTU410G base-R 10G base-RODU G.sup43OTU2e

? ? ?

OPU410 ODU2e 9 1.25G TSODU3

ODU2e
? ?

10G base-R Transcoded FC-1200

- 123 -

-
ODU3
?

?

?

40G ? ODU3 = 40.319218Gbit/s ? OTU3 = 43.018410Gbit/s ? ODUODU 32*1.25G TS/ 16*2.5G TS ? ODU01 1.25G TS ? ODU12 1.25G TS1 2.5G TS ? ODU28 1.25G TS4 2.5G TS ? ODU2e9 1.25G TS ? ODU flex 1-321.25G TS ODU3 ? STS-768 ? STM-256 ? Transcoded 40GBase-R
- 124 -

-
ODU4
?

?

?

20099OTNODU ? ODU1 = 104.794445Gbit/s ? OTU1 = 111.809973Gbit/s ? ODUODU 80*1.25G ? ODU01 TS ? ODU12 TS ? ODU28 TS ? ODU2e9 TS ? ODU332 TS ? ODU flex 1-80 TS ODU4 ? 100GBase-R
- 125 -

-
ODU flex1
? ?

?

? ODU flex ? ʦ ? CBRBMPODU flex ? ODU flex ? ? 1.25G TS VCAT,VCAT ODU

- 126 -

-
ODU flex2

- 127 -

-
ODU flex3

N

(VLAN 1) (VLAN n) m TDM CBR

LO ODU -flex 1 LO ODU flex n LO ODU -flex m LO ODUj
- 128 -

HO ODU -k (?) K=1234

-
G.7044.1 C G.HAO
?

SDH LCASODUflex ? LCR ? ODUflexBWR

- 129 -

-
G.7044.2
? ? ?

?

SDH LCASODU flex (HAO) ODU flex֧HAO ODU flexZ LCRBWR ODU flex LCR BWRODU flex LCR
- 130 -

-
G.7044.3
A
PCK ODUfP/PCK ODUfP

LCR protocol
ODU link

ODU link

C
PCK ODUfP/PCK ODUfP

B
OPU3 TS3,12 Add TS5,9
ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP [OH] Add/Remove TS ODU

OPU2 TS5,8 Add TS11,12
ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP [OH] Add/Remove TS ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

A1

B1

B2

C1

- 131 -

-
G.7044.4
A
PCK ODUfP/PCK

BWR protocol
C
PCK

[OH] CC/CV A-C
[CI/MI] CC/CV A-C [CI/MI] CC/CV A-C

ODUfP/PCK ODUfP

ODUfP

B
ODU [CI/MI] CC/CV A-C

ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

[OH] CC/CV A-C

ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

[OH] CC/CV A-C

ODUkP/ODUj-21 ODUkP

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

OTUk/ODUk OTUk

A1

B1

B2

C1

- 132 -

-
HO ODULO ODU
STM-1 STM-4 FC-100 FC-200 FC-400 FC-800 FC-1200 ESCON DVB-ASI SD SDI 1.5G HD SDI 3G HD SDI Future client
Ethernet frames
8B/10B codewords

MPLS packets

STM-16 STM-64 STM-256

IP packets

1GE 10GE 40GE 100GE

LO ODU (service) LO ODU (service)
Service dependent bitbit rates: 2.5 C 10.0 C 40.3 C 1.2 C C 10.4 C 10.4 ServiceService dependent 2.5 C 10.0 C 40.010.0 C 40.3 10.4 C104.8 C Servicedependent bit dependent rates: bit rates: 2.5 C40.0 Wavelength bit bit rate = n*2.5bitn*10.0CCn*10.02.7n*40.3 C 43.0 C 11.1 rate * n*40.3 C 10.7 Wavelength rate = Service C n*2.5 factor: CC 2.7 C 10.7 rates Service bit rate * factor: arbitrary C 43.0

HO ODU
other carrier

Service driven wavelength set up

(Flexible) TDM (Flexible) TDM HO ODU (tunnel) ? enables fast service delivery
Time slot bandwidth: 2.5G Time slot bandwidth: 2.5G C 2.5G/2 C 1.25G LO ODU Link Bandwidth: 10.0 10.4 C LO ODU Link Bandwidth: 2.5 C 10.0 C 40.1 CC 40.1 41.7 C 104.3 Wavelength dependent bit 43.0 C 2.7 43.0 Wavelength dependent bit rates: 10.7 C rates: 10.7CC11.1 C 44.6 C 111.8

WDM

Network planning driven wavelength set OTM-n up OTM-n

WDM
- 133 -

#Wavelengths: 1 C 16#Wavelengths: C other 32 C 40 C 80 C other C 32 C 40 C 80 1 C 16 C

-
GE CBR2G5 packet stream
TTT+GMP

ODU0 ODU1
x32 x8 x4 x16

x2

ODU1
OTU1

Async/bsync GFP-F Async/bsync

CBR10G packet stream GFP-F 10GBASE-R GFP-F

ODU2
x4

ODU2 ODU2e ODU3 ODU4 ODU flex ODU1e ODU2e ODU2 ODU2
x3

OTU2

transcoding async bsync 10GBASE-R BMP Async/bsync

ODU3

OTU3

CBR40G GFP-F packet stream 40GE Transcode 100GE any CBR10G3125 Bsync-7.2 CBR10G3125 Bsync-7.1 CBR10G3125 GFP-F- 6 CBR10G3125GFP-F-7.3

ODU4

OTU4

x4 x4

ODU3e1(AMP) ODU3e2(GMP)

O T U 2e O T U 2

- 134 -

-
?

(AMP)
? ?

SDHOTN

?

(BMP)
?

?

?

(GMP)

- 135 -

-
1

- 136 -

-
2

- 137 -

-
LO ODU-> HO ODU

- 138 -

-
(GMP)

- 139 -

-
(GMP)
15 16 17 3824

15 16 17

JC JC PJO JC NJO PSI PSI

STM-16 STM-64

STM-64

STM-16STM-64

AMP( ) GMP( ) Cn ODU
- 140 -

GMP
Sigma -Delta

3824

-
1 1 2 3 4 78 14 15 16 17 3824

(M)FAS

OTUk OH

ODUk OH PSI
? ? ? ?

? f B C n ? int ? client ? server ? f n ? server

Byte1
i1 d1 i2 d2 i3 d3 i4

Sigma-Deltan*C8 mod 15232(OPU0) < C8 Byte2 Byte3
d4 i5 d5 i6 d6 i7 d7 II DI CRC-8

Cn SDHCRCCn
- 141 -

-
?

OTN
? ? ?

SyncE 1588v2 for frequency 1588v2 for time
SEC /EE C P SEC /EE C OTN island SEC /EE C Q SEC /EE C SSU

SSU

- 142 -

-
Wireless standard GSM WCDMA TD-SCDMA Frequency synchronization requirement 0.05ppm 0.05ppm 0.05ppm Phase synchronization requirement NA NA 3us

CDMA2000
WiMax FDD WiMax TDD

0.05ppm
0.05ppm 0.05ppm

3us
NA 1us

LTE TDD

0.05ppm

3us

- 143 -

-

- 144 -

-
OTN




- 145 -

-
802.3

- 146 -

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 147 -


IP/MPLSATM ETHERNET STM-N
Interworking with pre-OTN

Optical Channel (OCh) layer network
OTM Physical Section (OPSn)

STM-N GbE

Optical Multiplex Section (OMSn) layer network

Optical Transmission Section (OTSn) layer network

OTM-0 Optical Transport Module of order n OTM-nr, n>1 (OTM-n, n?1)
- 148 -



?

?

? ? ?

SDH9270*NNSDH STM-16N=16STM-1155.52MbpsSTMNN*155.52Mbps GEFCEscon8b/10b 10 10GE-LAN64/66b66b OTUk44080

- 149 -



?

CBR2G5, CBR10G CBR40G 20 ppmOPUk (k=1,2,3) OPUk65 ppm OPUk20 ppm 45 ppm OPUk3JCPJO NJO3RES Z
- 150 -

?

?



- 151 -


JC,NJO,PJO

JC[7,8] 00


NJO PJO


NJO PJO

01 10 11



- 152 -


STM-16OPU1D8BIT

- 153 -


STM-64OPU2D8BIT 16FS (FIXED STUFF)

- 154 -


STM-256OPU3D8BIT 16 x 2 FS (FIXED STUFF)

- 155 -


ATMOPUkOPUk15232ATM 53ATMOPUk ATM48 ATMOPUkPSIPT7(RES)

- 156 -


GFPOPUkGFP GFP

- 157 -

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 158 -

OTN-





ODUk

ODUk SNCP

ODUk SNCP ODUk

- 159 -

OTN-







- 160 -

1+1






ݡ

¡


1

2§ 3
- 161 -

1:1
¡







APS § § 1 2APS1+1 3
- 162 -

1:N


1 2 N






1 N11:1
2 3
- 163 -



? ? ?


?

6



B

C

B

C

A

D

A

D

F

E

F

E

- 164 -

(1+1)

- 165 -

?
A

?

B

C

n a


?


? ?



A-D E-F

F

E

D
- 166 -

?
A

?

B

C




?





F

E

D
- 167 -

1: 1

- 168 -

?
A

?

B

C

n a


?


? ?



A-D E-F

F

E

D
- 169 -

?
A

?

B

C




?





F

E

D
- 170 -



- 171 -

?
A

?

B

C

n څ


?

?




? ?

A-D E-F

F

E

D
- 172 -

?
A

?

B

C




?



50ms

F

E

D
- 173 -


Lightpath

A

B

/

C

B A

C D

/

E

- 174 -



A Working path 2

B

E Protection path 1 Working path1 Protection path 2 C D

F

- 175 -



Source2

2

3

Can share the redundant link capacity

Source 1 1

5

4

Destination

6
- 176 -

OTN
Client

1.
r

OH

OPUk

2.

OH

ODUk

OH

OTUk

FEC

3.
4.

OH

OCh

OCC

OCC

OCC

OH

OPS0

5.
OOS

OH

6.

Optical Transport Module OSC OSC

- 177 -


?

¦ OTNITU-T G.805

?

?

- 178 -


1

2 ¡ 3 4ʦ

- 179 -


R
use of OTN maintenance signals FDI, AIS and PMI will reduce number of alarms from 500k to 1 per broken fiber

R R
use of OTN maintenance signal OTS-PMI (and OMS-PMI) will prevent OTS [OMS] LOS alarm when none of?s is presentOCh-FDI

OCh-FDI OCh-FDI

at line termination point OMS-FDI is converted into OCH-FDI

at 3R point OCh-FDI is converted into ODUk-AIS

OMS-FDI

R
OTS-PMI OTS-PMI

3R

1000 ?/fiber x 96 fibers/cable OCh-FDI x 5 cables/duct = 500k lost signals ==> 500k LOS alarms in network

R

- 180 -

TCM
?

OTN6//

- 181 -


1
2 3 4

DWDMOTN
OTN

OTNZ

- 182 -

OTN

- 183 -

OTN (1/5)

- 184 -

OTN (2/5)
? ?

OTU01GE
10GE LAN ODU2

- 185 -

OTN (3/5)
?

200610G.sup4310GE LAN OUT-4100GE

?

- 186 -

OTN (4/5)
?

ODUflex

?
? ?

GPONCPRIFC
40G/100G OUTOTN

- 187 -

OTN (5/5)

- 188 -

OTN

- 189 -

OTN

OTNODUflex E-OTN

- 190 -

OTN

- 191 -

GMP

- 192 -

ODUflex

- 193 -

OTN (LO ODU)

- 194 -

OTN (HO ODU)

- 195 -

(1588 V2)

- 196 -

ODUflex (HAO)

- 197 -

E-OTN

- 198 -

OTN
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

YD/T 1462-2006 (OTN)
YD/T 1634-2007 (OTN) GB/T 20187-2006 (ROADM) (OTN) (OTN) (ROADM) OTNASON

- 199 -

OTN (1/2)

- 200 -

OTN (2/2)

- 201 -

- 202 -


:

OTN-.ppt

OTN-__IT/_OTN-OTN ...

OTN(-)_.ppt

OTN(-) - OTN

2.OTN_.ppt

OTN 70 1 OTN-... 202 2...OTN(-... 202 1 OTN 36 ...

OTN_.pdf

OTN - OTN PDF pdfFactory Pro www.fineprint.cn n OTN: l l OTN...

OTN().doc

OTN()___...

OTN.doc

, OTN , ...X=1..256, 256 OPUk D...(OTN) 28 5 ...

OTN_.ppt

OTN ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ...(e.g. STM-N, GbE) , ...? ? ? ? ,T...

OTN_.ppt

OTN : ? 1. OTN ? 2....OTN: ? ...1.1 OTN 1.3 OTN ? ...

OTN.doc

OTN - OTN,... , ,...OTN-... 202 2 ...

5. OTN_.pdf

OTN-... 202 2 OTN... ...OTN(-... 202 2 DWDM OTN (....

OTN_.ppt

OTN () ...SDHPDH

OTN_.ppt

SDH PDH DWDM MSTP/ASON 1976 1966 ...OTN-... 202 2 OTN 65 5 OTN...

OTN.doc

,OAM ...); YD/T 1462-2006 (OTN)(...OTN-... 202 2 OTN...

OTN-_.ppt

,8, OTN, HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. , Page 4 ITU-T G.872OTN ...

OTN_.ppt

OTN...OTN OTN OTNOTN...,, ...

OTN_.ppt

OTN__IT/_...SDH PDH DWDM MSTP/ASON...(OTN) 28 OTN...

(OTN)_.ppt

(OTN)___...() ...SDHPDH MSTP/ASON 1976 1966 ...

OTN_.ppt

OTN___() ...SDHPDH MSTP/ASON 1976 1966 90...

OTN-_.ppt

OTN WSON a , OAM OTN...

(OTN)_(OTN)..._.pdf

ITU10(OTN)...OTNOTN,...

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