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四级听音辨音讲义


哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

单音辨析(听音——听懂个别单词 1)
一、听音三级跳 ---Easy 1. 音标: [ ] [ ] head had set sat bet bat ---Hard really we pen quite 音标 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] rarely way pain quiet 音标 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] hide sight bite [ ] 2. hit it is [ ] [ ] heat hate eat eight ease As ---Harder ego mirror south checking 音标 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] eagle measure sauce check in 音标 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] 3. read write road [ ] lead light load [ ] need night node

? Happy ---Mocca Life is just a bowl of cherries, Sometimes it’s afraid filled with ______ Don't be afraid When things______, just_____ When thing seems up in the air And everything is so ______ And you stumble and fall Just pick yourself up and ______ If one day you lose your way Just remember one thing, my Friend When you’re under a______ Just visit music and sing If one day you lose your way Just remember that I'm here to _____ Don't you ______, keep your ______ And be happy

笔记区 1. 哪些发音是我发不好的? 2. 有哪些值得学习的单词及短语?

二、听力中的数字题 1. 那些搞不清的十几和几十 thirty---thirteen, forty---fourteen, fifty---fifteen, sixty---sixteen, seventy---seventeen, eighty---eighteen, ninety---nineteen

听什么?
1)__________________________________ 2)______________________________

2.数字价钱 1)几类数字 分数 3/4__________,1/2__________,2/3___________,1?__________ 小数 0.7___________,1.6__________; 百分比 20%________________
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

2)和数字价钱相关的词

表示加减关系
节省_______或_______,加上,还有_______

表示乘除关系
倍_______ 两倍_______ 双倍_______ 一双____________ 一半___________

相关词汇
美元_______,美分_______;英镑_______,便士_______ 花费_______或_______,购买_______或_______ 数量_______,零钱_______ Exercise(填出划线部分): 1)M: The radio costs _______, but I have only _______. W: I have _______. Q: ______________________ do they have between them? 2)M: I have a single and a double room for_______ nights. W: ______ a night, plus VAT. Q: __________________________ for two nights? 3)W: Here’s a _______ bill. Give me _______ tickets for tonight’s now, please. M: Sure. ______ tickets and here’s _______ change. Q: _____________ does one ticket ______? 4)M: Your son seems to have made much progress in playing the piano. Does he attend any piano classes? W: Yes, he takes lessons ____________, but from____________on, he will go to the class on_____________too. Q: ________ will the woman’s son have piano lessons from next week on? 3.时间 1)时间点 9:45_____________或____________,5:30_____________或____________ 11:40____________或____________,12:20____________或____________ 24:00____________或____________ 2)某一天 前天________________或_______________,后天______________或_________________ 每天________________或____________ 或___________,每隔一天___________________ 几天前______________或____________ 两星期______________或_______________,1990 年____________或__________________ 3)和时间相关的词

表示加减关系
多_______ 少_______ 晚_______ 早_______ 快_______ 慢_______ 前_______ 后_______ 提前________________或_________________ 延迟___________或__________或__________
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

Exercise(填出划线部分): 1)W: Bob, are you going straight home after school today? M: No. I have a class_______________, and _______that I’m going to___________________ at the library______________. Q: _______ is Bob going home this afternoon? 2)W: Did you go to the football match last Saurday? M: Oh, yes. It was supposed to start at ____________, but it was_________________. Q: _______ did the football match start? 3)W: How much time did you have for writing the paper? M: We were given____________, but I finished in__________________________. Q: ____________ did it take the man to write his paper? 4)M: What’s the time for departure? W: ______. That only leaves us ________ to go through the customs and check our baggage. Q: ____________did the conversation take place? 5)M: Have you seen my brother? W: No, I haven’t seen him __________________________________. Q: When did she last see the man’s brother? A. Yesterday B. Three days ago C. Two days ago D. Early last week 6)M: May I have your time? W: My watch has_______, but it is _______________________. Q: __________________? A. 2: 35 B. 2:25 C. 2:15 D. 2:40 三、Assignment 1. 给下列单词标注读音并朗读 contend 奋斗, 斗争 context 上下文 principal 校长, 主要的 dessert 甜食 decent 正经的 costume 服装 precede 领先 compliment 赞美 confirm 确认 protest 抗议 assent 同意 champion 冠军 contact 接触 except 除外

content 内容, 满足的 contest 竞争, 比赛 principle 原则 desert 沙漠 v. 放弃 descent n. 向下, 血统 custom 习惯 proceed 进行,继续 complement 附加物 conform 使顺从 protect 保护 ascent 上升 champagne 香槟酒 contract 合同 expect 期望

accent 口音 campaign 战役 contrast 对照 accept 接受

2. 读出下列数字(注意时间有两种说法) 831, 8:31 1,234,12:34 58,5:08 356, 3:56 1,150,11:50 34,3:04 118, 1:18 1,111,11:11 67,6:07

740,7:40 916,9:16 615,6:15

1991 2012 1987
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

语音辨析
一、听力中的七个英美音差异(听音——听懂个别单词 2) 1、英音中的[ a: ],美音中的_______ 改变的 after, answer, bath, path, class, dance, can’t 不变的 father, rather 2、英音中的 [ t ],美音中的_______ 改变的 better, letter, writer, matter, water 不变的 return 3、英音中的 [? ],美音中的_______ nobody, everybody, college, bottom, 4、英音中的[ ?: ],美音中的_______ watch, water, 5、英音中的 [ju:],美音中的_______ duty, issue, suit, stupid, attitude Maybe I can get some ______ information to add to it. 6、美音里的儿化音: 带字母 r 的美音 fear, loser, car, far, first, work 带字母 r 的美音 idea, delicious, really, famous That’s really a very nice idea. 对比:course---cause once more---one small career---Korea worse---was Exercise: 1) They_______at the dorm last night. 2) ---The snow is _______ coming down, isn’t it? ---_______ do we have so much snow in December. Q: What does the man mean? A. It is typical December weather for this region. B. It won’t really snow until December. C. Such a large amount of snow is unusual for this month. D. There has never been much snow down South. 7、几个特殊的词: clerk 英音 [ ] 美音 [ ] cassette 英音 [ ] 美音 [ ] garage 英音 [ ] 美音 [ ]

bottle,

What?

record(名词) [ ] [ ] laboratory [ ] [ ] schedule [ ] [ ]

cupboard [ ] [ ] secretary [ ] [ ] ordinarily [ ] [ ]

neither/ either [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] dictionary [ ] [ ] schedule [ ] [ ]
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

二、听力三大发音现象 (听音——听懂整个句子) 1、连读 1. 辅音 + 元音,连在一起读 It’s going to run out of film I’m afraid it’s put of stock. The cinema is a little out of the way. She was a little out of shape. 2. 辅音 + /h/,/h/不发音 trust him, come here, Tell him to ask her.

does he know?

尤其当 he 跟在助动词后是:Has he gone? Should he leave? 3. 辅音 + 辅音,只读一个音 相同辅音连在一起时,只读一个 Stop Peter, want to = _______, It's not to bad.

got to =_______

4. 元音 + 元音,要加半元音 1) [i:] [i] [ei] [ai] [oi]+v 元音之间加_____ be on time, stay up, can you see it, enjoy it 2) [u:] [u] [au] [ou]+v 元音之间加_____ grow up, just do it, go out, how are you doing Exercise(数苹果): one apple, two apples, three apples, four apples, five apples, six apples, seven apples, eight apples, nine apples, ten apples 2、失爆 Tip: 所谓失爆,就是爆破音不发音。只做发音动作,停顿一下后,发下一个音。 1. 爆破+爆破[p][b] [t][d] [k][g],省掉前一个 goodbye, update, take care, sit down, a great deal It’s a big cake. I like Gavin. 2. 爆破+鼻音 [m] [n],省掉前一个 admit, let me out, set me free, good night at night, get married, take me away, I don't know. That might help. 3. 爆破+ [l],省掉前一个 Badly, lately job list, good luck, at last, 4. 结尾爆破音,结尾不发音 What’s up? Are you late?
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at least,

look like

哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

3、同化 1. 当[t]遇[j] 哧哧哧 Last year, I met you. And next year, I forget you. 2. 当[s]遇[j] 狮狮狮 This year, I miss you, and God bless you.

Can’t you do it?

3. 当[d]遇[j] 吱吱吱 could you, would you, did you Did you do it? Could you pass me a glass of water? 4. 当[z]遇[j] 吱呦吱呦吱呦 because you, as usual, I advise you…,

I use your book.

三、练习 1、真题演练 W: May I come in? M: Come in, please. Do you know what time it is? W: It’s _______. I am very sorry to be late again. And I am also sorry to _______you and others. M: All right, what’s you excuse this time? Don’t tell me your _______ didn’t __________ or your _______stopped. I don’t __________________. W: Excuse me, sir. I ______________________. You just cannot imagine ____________________. M: Why don’t you ___________________to avoid this time? W: I’m sorry, sir. I indeed ____________________, but__________________________________. M: I’m never late for work, you see. _________________________________________________. W: Oh, that’s a good idea!__________________________________ to avoid hitting rush hours. I promise I won’t be late in future. And I hope you could forgive me once more. M: That’s right! _________________________________, if this happens again, you will be _____. 2、音乐欣赏 ? The Climb ---Miley Cyrus ____________________ That dream I'm dreaming but There's a voice inside my head saying you'll never ____________ Every step I'm taking Every move I make feels Lost with no direction My faith is shaking But I, I gotta keep trying Gotta___________________ There's always gonna be another mountain I'm always gonna wanna ______________ Always gonna be an ____________

攀登 / 眼前依稀浮现 / 萦绕心头的那个梦境 / 脑海里却响起一个声音 / 你永远也不会到达彼岸 / 我迈出的每一步 / 我做过的每件事 / 无不使我迷失方向 / 开始动摇的,是我的信念 / 可我,我还是要继续求索 / 还是要挺胸抬头、阔步前行 / 总会有下一座山峦 / 在等我去将它移开 / 总会有下一个山坡
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

Sometimes I'm gonna have to lose Aren't about __________________________ Aren't about___________________________ It's the climb The struggles I'm facing The chances I'm taking Sometimes might ____________________ No I'm not breaking I may not know it But these are the moments that I'm gonna remember most, yeah Just gotta keep going But I, I gotta be strong Just be pushing on ? Butterfly Fly Away ---Miley Cyrus You tucked me in, _____________________ Kept me safe and sound at night Little girls _____________ things like that Brushed my teeth and combed my hair Had to drive me everywhere You were always there when I looked back You had to do it_____________ Make a living, make a home Must have been ________________it could be And when I couldn't sleep at night Scared things wouldn't _____________ right You would hold my hand and sing to me Caterpillar in the tree How you wonder who you'll be Can't go far ___________ can always dream Wish you may and wish you might Don't you worry, hold on tight ________________ there will come a day Butterfly fly away, butterfly fly away Flap your wings now __________________ Take those dreams and make them all come true Butterfly fly away, butterfly fly away We've been waiting for this day All along and knowing just what to do Butterfly, butterfly, butterfly, butterfly fly away

/ 可能令我无法越过 / 不在于我要用多久才能抵达峰顶 / 不在于山那边倒底是怎样的风景 / 这就是攀登 / 我面对的每次搏击 / 我抓住的每次机遇 / 有时会令我一败涂地 / 却决不会磨去我的意志 / 或许我不懂其中的意义 / 但这些时刻却会成为 / 我一辈子都会铭记的 / 要不断求索?? / 无论如何我都会做坚强的自己 / 无所畏惧,努力向前 笔记区 1. 有什么特色美音? 2. 有什么语音现象? 3. 有什么值得学习的单词及短语?

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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

断句+重读 (听弦外之音——通过重读知大意)
一、断句 1.标点符号后停顿 对比:I usually eat sushi for lunch. I ate noodles today. I usually eat sushi. For lunch, I ate noodles today. 例:My mother listens to the radio in the evening, plays tennis in the afternoon, and cleans the house in the morning. 2. 短句的断句 What time do you come in in the morning? Look your papers over over the weekend. Exercise: In the next few decades, people are going to travel very differently from the way they do today. Everyone is going to drive electrically-powered cars, so in the few years, people won’t worry about running out of gas. Some of the large automobile companies are really moving ahead with this new technology. F&C Motors, a major auto company, for example, is holding a press conference next week. After the press conference, the company will present its new electronically-operated models. Transportation in the future won’t be limited to the ground; many people predict that traffic will quickly move to the sky. In the coming years, instead of radio reports about road conditions and highway traffic, news reports will talk about traffic jams in the sky. But the sky isn’t the limit. In the future, you will probably even be able to take a trip to the moon. Instead of listening to regular airplane announcements, you will hear someone say: the spacecraft to the moon leaves in 10 minutes. Please check your equipment. And remember no more than 10 ounces of carry-on baggage are allowed. 二、重读 1、单词中的重读 重音不同,表达的意思也不同 重读在第二个音节时做动词 addict, convict, perfect, permit 例:perfect 第一个音节做形容词 100% correct 第二个音节做动词 to make sth. Perfect

例句:I want to perfect my English. = I want to make my English perfect.

addict

convict

permit
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

2、句子中的重读 1) 通常会重读实词 (n. v. adj.adv.)

虚词(冠词、所有格形容词、介词、连词、人称代名词、be 动词、助动词) Exercise(圈出重读的词):
1. ---What subjects are compulsory in your school? ---In my school we have to take language and maths but we can choose history or chemistry. 2. ---What are your favourite subjects? ---I really like English because it’s so interesting and the teacher is so funny! 3. ---What subjects do you not like? ---I hate maths because it’s boring and it’s too hard. 4. ---Tell me about discipline in your school. ---Our school is very strict. There are lots of rules. You have to wear a uniform and you can’t talk in class. 5. ---What exams do you take? ---At the end of Senior High everyone takes University Entrance exam. It’s really difficult and we have to do a lot of work. 6. ---How much homework do you have? ---Lots! I have to work every night and I get so tired! 2) 重读助动词(强调句) 例: ——You don’t speak Chinese, do you? ——I do speak Chinese. Tip: 所以口语里不要用“did+动词原形”表示过去式,老外会很迷惑。 Exercise(圈出重读的词): W: You’ve been doing weather reports for nearly 30 years. Has the weather got any worse in all these years? M: Well, not necessarily worse. But we are seeing more swings. Q: What does the man say about the weather? 3) 当你想表达某些特定意思的时候,也会重读虚词 例: ——You put your pen on your desk? ——No, in my desk. 4)c an & can’t 通过重音来区别 I can drive a car, but I can’t drive a motorcycle. I can do it, but I can’t understand why. You can learn it from radio, but you can’t see it on TV. Exercise 05.6 真题(写出重读的词): 1.__________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.__________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.__________________________________________________________________________________________
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

5.__________________________________________________________________________________________ 6.__________________________________________________________________________________________ 7.__________________________________________________________________________________________ 8.__________________________________________________________________________________________

Transcripts: 1. W: Simon, oh, well, could you return the tools I lend you for building the bookshelf last month? M: Oh, I hate to tell you this, but I can’t seem to find them. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? 2. W: I found an expensive diamond ring in the restroom this morning. M: If I were you, I would turn it in to the security office. It is behind the administration building. Q: What does the man suggest the woman do? 3. W: I am going to Martha’s house. I have a paper to complete. And I need to use her computer. M: Why don’t you buy one yourself? Think how much time you could save. Q: What does the man suggest the woman do? 4. W: Daddy, I have decided to give up science and go to business school. M: Well, it is your choice as long as pay your own way, but I should warn you that not everyone with a business degree will make a successful manager. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? 5. W: I just read in the newspaper that Lord of the Rings is this year’s greatest hit. Why don’t we go and see it at the Grand Cinema? M: Don’t you think that cinema is a little out of the way? Q: What does the man mean? 6. W: Bob said that Seattle is a great place for conferences. M: He is certainly in the position to make that comment. HE has been there so often. Q: What does the man say about? 7. W: Mr. Watson, I wonder whether it’s possible for me to take a vacation early next month. M: Did you fill out a request form? Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? 8. M: Do you want to go to the lecture this weekend? I heard that the guy who is going to deliver the lecture spent a year living in the rainforest. W: Great, I am doing a report on the rain forest. Maybe I can get some new information to add it. Q: What does the woman mean?

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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

习语 1、 Face the Music! Father: We need to talk. Patrick: Can this wait? It’s after two. I’m tired. Mother: You’re hardly ever home, Patrick. We can’t put this off any longer. Patrick: Fine. What? Father: We want to talk to you about your life. Patrick: Here it comes . . . Father: You need to be more responsible. You stay out too late. You’re not taking your graduation very seriously. Patrick: Give me a break! I do have a job, you know. Father: Actually, you’ve had three different jobs in the last six weeks. You seem to brush them off like they’re games. And you aren’t putting away any of your money. You burn through it and live paycheck-to-paycheck. Patrick: Well, it’s no skin off your nose. It’s my money, right? Mother: Yes, but you don’t seem to be thinking at all about your future. We can’t support you forever, you know. You’ve got to start to make your own way in the world soon. Father: Patrick, you’re smart. You have to get a real job. If you’d like, I can help you get the ball rolling. I’d like to get you a job working at my company. It will be a way to get your feet wet in business until you find something on your own. Patrick: It’s like talking to a wall with you two! How many times do I have to tell you? I don’t want to work in business! I’m going to be a writer. Father: Patrick, that’s an admirable goal, but you can’t go about it with your head in the clouds. You need to start somewhere concrete, but even before that you need to earn a living somehow. Patrick: I’ve told you a thousand times, I don’t want to sell out and work for a corporation! Mother: Who put this idea in your head anyway? Was it Marcie? Patrick: I knew it. That’s what this is all about. Just because you don’t get along with Marcie! Father: Patrick, it’s true that we don’t see eye to eye with you on girlfriends. But this is not about Marcie. This is about you taking charge of your life. Mother: Wake up and smell the coffee, Patrick . . . Marcie hasn’t set very high goals for herself in life, and if you . . . Father: Honey, we agreed we’d focus on the job situation first. Let’s just . . . Patrick: Oh, I can’t believe this! Father: Your mother just wants the best for you. But your relationship with Marcie is neither here nor there. The point is you are twenty-three and haven’t had a decent job since you graduated. Patrick: Must you constantly be on my case about this? Look, the way I see it, it’s my life now, and I’m the only one who should have to worry about it. You two have to cut the cord. Father: Well, we’re glad you think so son, because your mother and I have decided it’s about time you moved out. Patrick: What?! Father: Time to face the music. It’s sink or swim, Patrick. Welcome to the real world. Patrick: You’re just cutting me off? Mother: Oh, of course not, son. Your father is just being dramatic. But it really is time for you to face the real world. We’re doing this because we love you. We’ll be there to help if you need it. Patrick: Oh. Okay . . . So, does that mean I can drop my laundry off here for you, Mom?
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

习语 2. Honey, There’s something on My Mind . . . Al: Hi, sweetie! How are you? Don’t you normally work on Fridays? Beth: Yeah, but I had to talk to you. It couldn’t wait. Al: Oh, sure . . . Um, what’s up? Beth: Well, I need to get something off my chest. Al: That’s good, because there’s been something on my mind, too. Beth: Let me go first; this is important. Al: Okay. Beth: I’m sorry to spring this on you, but I think we should break up. Al: Wow . . . That’s big news. Well, how . . . I mean . . . Well, why do you want to dump me? Beth: I suppose it would be fair of me to give you a reason. Al: Well, yeah! This comes out of nowhere. A reason would be nice. Beth: I’m breaking up with you because you’ve become a real couch potato. All you do is watch TV. And the only thing you like to watch on TV is cartoons. Al: But I thought you were crazy about cartoons! Remember that time we saw the movie “A Bug’s Life”? You were smiling during the whole thing . . . And you were in seventh heaven for the rest of the night. Didn’t you enjoy it? Beth: I thought it was cute, but I then I moved on! You’re still obsessed with cartoons. Al: Well, what else? Beth: You’ve really let yourself go, too! We used to go biking and play tennis, and now you just sit around eating cereal, watching your cartoons! Al: So, I don’t turn you on anymore? Isn’t it a bit shallow to break up with someone just over looks? Beth: But that’s not all. You never want to go out and do anything. We stay here all the time, and your apartment is a pigsty. You never do the dishes or the laundry. There are empty pizza boxes from two weeks ago on your kitchen table. It really drives me up the wall! Al: Mmmm . . . But we’ve been going out for two years now, and I’ve never exactly been tidy . . .Why didn’t you bring this up sooner? Beth: I thought it was cute at first . . . I thought I would get used to it. Later, I thought you would grow out of it. Anyway . . . that’s not the point. I just don’t want to see you anymore. (Silence) Beth: So . . . you said you had something you wanted to tell me? I suppose how you hate that I try to control your life and change you . . . Al: No—actually, I wanted to ask you if you knew where I left the remote control for the TV—I haven’t been able to find it for weeks. Beth: It figures.

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四级听力听音辨音讲义

语气语调(听弦外之音——通过语调知态度:听力里的喜怒哀乐。。 。) Warming-up 1.__________ 2._________ 3._________
一、陈述句不用降调用升调 1.表____________ 例 1. ——Did you eat dinner? ——No, I didn’t. ——You didn’t have dinner。 ——That’s correct. 例 2. W: According to the paper the police are warning people especially pensioners not to admit anyone unless they have an appointment. It’s a bit sad. One old lady told them she’d just been to the post office to draw her pension when he called. She said he must have followed her home. He stole the whole lot. M: But what does he look like? Surly they must have a description. W: Oh, yes, they have. Let’s see, in his thirties, tall, bushy dark hair, slight northern accent, sounds a bit like you actually…. 2.表___________ 例 M: I’ve brought back your Oxford Companion to English Literature. I thought you might use it for your paper. Sorry not to have returned it earlier. W: I was wondering where the book was. 二、一般疑问句表示意义不一样 1.表____________ 例:W: I hear that the Edwards are thinking of buying another house. M: Should they be doing that with all the other expenses they have to pay? Anyhow, they are over 70 now, and their present house is not too bad. Q: What does the man imply? 2.表____________ 例:W: You haven’t seen a blue notebook, have you? I hope I didn’t leave it in the reading room. M: Did you check that pile of journals you’ve borrowed from the library the other day? Q: What is the man trying to say to the woman? 3.表____________ 例: I just read in the newspaper that The Lord of the Rings is this year’s greatest hit. Why don’t we go and see it W: at the Grand Cinema? M: Don’t you think that cinema is a little out of the way? Q: What does the man mean? 三、反义疑问句升调降调不一样 1. 当你不知道答案而问这个问题的时候,用________。 She’s beautiful, isn’t she?(你不知道她漂不漂亮,你在寻求答案)
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哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

2. 当你认为一件事情是事实或一定正确,希望对方同意你的说法时,用________。 She’s beautiful, isn’t she? (你认为她漂亮,并且希望听到肯定的答案) 例:M: Jane missed class again, didn’t she? I wonder why? W: Well, I knew she had been absent all week. So I called her this morning to see if she was sick. It turned out that her husband was badly injured in a car accident. Q: What does the woman say about Jane? 四、建议句式 1. You should do… 2. You’d better do… 3. If I were you, I would do… 例:W: I found an expensive diamond ring in the restroom this morning. M: If I were you, I would turn it in to the security office. It is behind the administration building. Q: What does the man suggest the woman do? 4. Why not do… 中文意思:_______________ 例:W: I am going to Martha’s house. I have a paper to complete. And I need to use her computer. M: Why don’t you buy one yourself? Think how much time you could save. Q: What does the man suggest the woman do? Why do…中文意思:_______________ 例:M: I am doing to New York next week, but the hotel I booked is really expensive. W: Why book a hotel? My brother has 2 spare rooms in his apartment. Q: What does the woman mean? 5. How about doing… 例:M: I’ll have the steak, French Fries, and let’s see, chocolate ice cream for dissert. W: Oh, oh, you know these things will ruin your health, too much fat and sugar. How about ordering some vegetables and fruit instead? Q: Where did the conversation most probably take place? 五、否定句式 1.委婉否定 1) I’d love to, but… 例:M: How about joining me for a cuo of coffee? W: I’d love to, but I ‘m exhausted. I was up till 3 this morning, writing a paper for my literature class. Q: Why does the woman decline the man’s invitation? 2) I doubt… 例:W: Have you heard about the new digital television system? It lets people get about 500 channels. M: Yeah. But I doubt they’ll have anything different from what we watch now. Q: What does the man mean?

14

哈尔滨新东方

四级听力听音辨音讲义

3) I wish I could… 例:W: Having visited so many countries, you must be able to speak several different languages. M: I wish I could. But Japanese and, of course English are the only languages I can speak. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? 2.直接否定 1) not really 例 1:M: It’s already 11 now. Do you mean I ought to wait until Professor Bloom comes back from class? W: Not really. You can just leave a note. I’ll give it to her later. Q: What does the woman mean? 例 2:M: The taxi driver must have been speeding. W: Well, not really. He crashed into the tree because he was trying not o hit a box that had fallen off the truck ahead of him. Q: What do we learn about the taxi driver? 2) not yet 例:M: How is John now? Is he feeling any better? W: Not yet. It still seems impossible to make him smile. Talking to him is really difficult and he gets upset Q: What do we learn about John from the conversion? 3) no 例:M: Are you telling me you don’t have a housekeeper? W: No, we don’t. If you make a mess, you clean it up yourself. Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

推荐听力材料 1. 听力教材: 《Listen to this》 (初级、中级)《Step by step》(1、2、3) , 2. 听力网站: 普特英语听力 http://putclub.com/, 沪江英语 http://www.hjenglish.com/ 人人听力 http://www.rrting.com/, 3. 广播: 轻松调频 CRI(在线收听) 可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/

http://english.cri.cn/easyfm/index.htm

4. 美剧: 《Friends》《Everybody loves Raymond》 、

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