tceic.com
>> / >>


28 2 V o l 28 N o 2 ,

( ) Journa l of East China N or a lU n iversity( Educational Sciences) m

2010 6 Jun 2010



( ,


050091)

065001; ,



: , 抉 , G ibson

( A ffordance) , 抉 完 抉N朱完, 完抉, 抉 : 完 ; ;

, , ( ) B , G ib son G ib son污, 芍 G ib son
! ?

,
#

, 抉 , 完, , 1998 T ucker E llis, 抉抉, 抉


L akoff Johnson忱 ? %
&

, , L ako ff Johnson, 70, : ( 1) ;
?(

( 2)

; ( 3) , , , ‾抖, 竹, 抖^ 52

抉, 快, L 妊快, 妊 T helen, ) , 芍, , 宏 , 宏, 污 + 忌 ( m atrix ) ? 朱, 19 ) ? (X ) Ja es - m ( ) G ib son 污宏 G ib son G ib son , : ? ; G ib son, ? ; G ibson , , , 百 , 快, 百 ? 抖快污 , ; G ibson, 抖抖,
,


, G
.

A ffordance G ibson 1966 ,

) ( value) ? , ( ) , G ib son 1977 1979 1986, 1977 , ) ? ) 1979, , ) / /A ffo rd, affordance , 汎 抖 // ? 汛 , , G ib son, , G ib son, , , G ib son, ) ? 汛 ^, , ) ? , 志, : , , , 扭, , 53
# ? !

, I ) ? W arren ) ? 88% , ; 88 , ( % ) 1, 0 5, , 欯, ) ? ) - ? , ) ? 宏 , , G ib son: G ib son, 忪 , , : ; ; ; 妊 ( n iche , 妊朱 ) ; ; ; affo rdance, , ) & ? , affo rdance, ) ? affordance^ affordance ) ?, ) ? ( m icro - affordance) E llis Tucker抉 G ib son, T ucker E llis ( dispositional properties) G ib son `抄 E llis Tucker抉, , , , Ede l an m
(( ) ( ? % ?



^, 污污抉汎尿 (館 ) ( neuronal groups) , , p ( ) 糸 ( g lobal neura l m app ing ) 抉 , E llis T ucker, 抉 , 忌 , , , , 抖, , , , E llis Tucker
! (


1 完 . ( orientation) , 54

1998, T ucker E llis忌: 快, , ? ( 抉抉 , 抉完 ( orientation effect) 抉 完 ( affordance effect) , 完抄 汛抉, 抄完抉 2 完 . 完抉, 抉完, , ( 1) ( ) Tucker E llis
?% (( # (

,

(, , ) , 抄 ( 霽妊 ) Tucker E llis, 忌 抉 抉 Tucker E llis : ( , ) , 忪, 抄 - 妊抄抉 Tucker E llis
) ?? ? ( & (

, , ( pow er grasp)

( prec ision grasp) , 宏, ? ! ? 糸完 ( size effect) 汛妊 完 完完, 邦 , , ( ) , 汛 ( ) , 靠 ( 完 ), , 抖芍, 完 ( , ) 芍, 完忌 Sym es 2006抉 抉, , 完, (, ) 完, 完 ) ? 完 ) ? , 抉
# % ?~ ? ? ?



( 2) 百 ( ) & ? , Anderson 完, ) ?, ) ? 抉, , 完, , ( ) , 阱, , 完 55

, 竹竹 ( , ) 完 ) ? ) ? p快, 宏, ( non- ob ject draw ings) , 忪, 抉 ) ? ? ? 糸 2001 T ucker E llis抉 ( 妊, ), , ) ? ) ? , 完, , 百汍, 完 , 抄完, 快 忘, - , 竹竹 竹, 竹, , , 完, ( ) p ( , ) , 完 抉, , ( atten t io na l capture) , , , 竹, ) ?, 竹 抪
?% ++ # + ? + ! + + + ) +

, H andy , , ( ,

& +

) ( , ) 抉 , , , , , , 竹芍攢 , 抄


, , 完: , , , , C lark , 百 , , ( ) ( ) 完 , , 扭 抄, 56
? +

宏 T ipper , 羊 , 快 - 忪 (, ), 羊 , - 忪芍 , ) ? ) ? , 抉迆 , 完 1998, 抉 抉, 完, , 完戒芍汛抉﹞
:
: ? ) ? ) ? %, ? % 2008 12 ! . ? Jones K. S. W hat is an af fordance E cological Psychology, 2003 , ? , 15 ( 2) : 107 - 114 . S toffregen T. A. A ffordan ces and even ts E cological Psychology, 2000 12 ( 1) : 1- 28 , . , . the embod ied m ind and its challenge to w estern though t N ew Y ork, ,

) ,

# M ichaels C. F. A ffordances four poin ts of d ebate. Ecolog ical Psychology, 2003, 15: 135- 148. , : & Lakoff G, & John son M. Ph ilosophy in the flesh Basic Book , 1999.

? : ?Lakof& Johnson %, ? % 2001 4 f ( : ?: %, ?抉 % 2002 2 + 孜: ? %, ? % 2006 1 , Zhang, J . J Categorizat ion of A ffordan ces . . [ EB /O L] http : / / acad88 . sahs . u th. m t c. edu / cou rses / h i6301 / affor dance h t l . m ! G ibson J J The theory of affordances In Shaw R R, & B ran sford, J. , . . .

( Ed s). Perceiving, act ing, and know ing: Toward

an ecological psychology. H illsdale N J Law rence Erlbaum A ssociates Inc, 1977 66 , : , : . ? G ibson J J Th e eco log ical approach to v isual percept ion B oston: H ough ton M iff lin 1979. , . . . , # ? & Eysenck, M. W, & K ean eM T. : ? % ( 4 ) , 2000 , 85 - 86 % W ells A. J G ib son0 , . 180 . ?]: ?忪 %, ? % 2009 9 ) ( E llis R. & Tuck er M. M icro- afford ance: The poten tiat ion of components of action by seen ob jects B ritish Jou rnal of , , . Psychology, 2000 91: 451 - 471 , . ( Ed lem an, G. M. G roup select ion and phasic reen tran t s ignal ing: A theory of h igh er b rain function In G. M. Edel an & . m V. B. M oun tcastle ( E ds ) , Th e m ind fu l brain C ort ical organ ization and the group - select ive theory of h igher brain jun ct ion. . : C am bridge M A: M I Press 1978. , T , ( E del an G. M. N eural D arw in isn: The theory of n euronal group selection N ew Y ork m . . : ! ( Sporn s O. , & E del an G. M. Solving Bernstein0 , m , m ent by selection Ch ild D evelopm ent 1993, 64 960- 981. . , : ?? & ? ( ( ( ( Tuck er M. , & E llis R. O n the relations bet een seen ob jects and com pon ents of poten tial act ion s , , w . peri ental Psychology: H um an Percept ion and Perfor ance 1998 24: 830 - 846 m m , , . # ( R iggio L. , Ian , C. , G herr, E. , Benatt,i F. , R ub ich , S & N icolett , R. Th e ro le of atten tion in the occu rrence of , i i i . i the affordance effect A cta Psychologica 2008, 127: 449- 458. . , %)? ( ? ? Tuck er M. , & E llis R. The potent iation of grasp types during visu al ob ject categorization V isual Cogn it ion, 2001 8: , , . , 769- 800. ? ? Tuck er M. , &E llis R. A ct ion pri ing by b riefly presented ob jects A cta Psychologica, 2004, 116 185- 203. , , m . : ! ? V ain io L. , E l lis R. , Tucker M. , & Sym es E. ( in press) . M anual asymm etries in v isually pri ed grasping. , , , , m m ental Brain R esearch . ? ? Sym es , E, . E ll is , R. , & Tucker M. , V isu al ob ject affordances : O b ject orien tation . M anuscrip t subm itted for pub licat ion, 2006. Experi Journal of E x Bas ic Books 1987 , . s prob lem: A p roposal for th e develop en t of co- ordin ated m ove m s A ffordan ces and Tu ring0 s Theory of Com putation Eco log ica l Psychology, 2002 14 ( 3 ) : 141. ,

57

# ? G rezes J , & D ecety, J D oes visu al percept ion of ob ject afford act ion? Ev idence from a neuro i aging study. N europsycho lo , . . m gia 2002 40: 212- 222. , , ? ? G re zes J , Tu cker M. , A r ony, J , E llis R. , & Passingham, R. E Ob jects au tom at ica lly poten t iate act ion: A n M R I , . , m . , . f s tudy of i p licit processing. European Jou rnal of N euroscience, 2003 17 ( 12 ) : 2735 - 2740 m , . %& ? + H andy T. C. , G rafton S. T. , Shrof, N. M. , K etay, S. , & G azzan iga, M. S G raspab le ob jects grab attent ion w hen , , f . the poten tia l for action is recogn ized N atu re N eu roscience 2003 6 ( 4) : 421- 427 . , , . & ? A nderson, S J , Y am ag ish, N. , & K arav ia, V. A tten tional processes link p ercept ion and act ion Proceed ings of the R oyal . . i . Society of London S eries B, 2002, 269 1225- 1232. , : ) + V ain io L. , E llis R. , & Tu cker M. Th e role of visu al atten tion in act ion p ri ing Th eQ uarterly Jou rnal O f Experi en tal , , , m . m Psychology, 2007 60 ( 2) : 241- 261. , + N eu ann, O. Beyond capacity: A functional view of attent ion. In H. H eu er& A. F. Sanders ( E ds ) , Perspectives on p er m . cept ion and act ion ( pp 361 - 394) . H illsdale N J Law rence E rlbaum A ssociates I c 1987 . , : , n, . + E gly, R. , D river J , & R afa,l R. D. Sh ift ing visual attent ion bet een ob jects and locat ions Ev idence from nor al and pa , . w : m rietal les ion sub jects . Jou rnal of Exp eri en ta l Psych ology: G en era,l 1994 123: 161 - 177. m , and possib le solut ion s . ! + Schn eider W. X. Space- based visual atten tion models and ob ject select ion: C onstra ints prob lem s , , , Psychological R esearch, 1993, 56 35- 43 : . ? + Bay lis G. C V isual at ten t ion and ob jects Two- ob ject cost w ith equ al convexity Journal of E xperi ental Psychology: H u , . : . m m an Percept ion and Perfor ance 1994 20: 208 - 212 m , , . # + Y ant is S. , & Jon ides J A b rupt visu al onsets and selective atten tion Evid ence from select ive search Jou rnal of Exp eri en , , . : . m tal Psycho logy H um an Percept ion and Perfor ance 1984 10: 601- 621. : m , , ? + Theeuw es J C ross- d i ens ional p erceptual select ivity. Percept ion & Psychophysics 1991, 50: 184- 193. , . m , % + Y an t is S. , & Jon ides J A b rupt visual on sets and selective attent ion: V olun tary versus au tom at ic al location Jou rnal of E x , , . . peri ental Psychology: Hum an Percept ion and Perfor an ce 1990, 16: 121- 134. m m , ? + C lark A. ( 1997 ) . Being th ere Putt ing brain body and w orld together again C amb ridge, MA: M I Press , : , . T . ) , T ipper S P. , Lort ie, C , & B aylis G. C. ( 1992 ) . Select ive reach ing: Evid ence for act ion- centered attent ion. Jou rnal , . . , of Experi en tal Psychology: H u an Percep tion and Perfor an ce, 18 ( 4 ), m m m 891- 905.

58


:

完_.pdf

- ,

完_.pdf

_ - 28 2 V o l 2

忍曳完_.pdf

忍曳_/...忍尿,忍, ..., ...

完抉.doc

(1993), , ... 2...

完.pdf

, ... 快... ? 忱 ...

抉_.pdf

, ...抉 , .net 侔...

抉_.pdf

:(1982),.,,.:.... 阱J1.快,2005,41(...

2 ._.ppt

2 . - 竹,(forward)(reverse)(neutral), ...

忍忍尿抉完....pdf

: ... ,VAR ARCH-LM ..., ...

GARCH志_.pdf

AC1 1, ... ,1 <0 l ... h ...

5-17 完抉_.pdf

潘() 2009 5 ... , ;...

Adams.pdf

快 ,完 Pacejka89 ...

_抄忍完Fama-French....pdf

抄忍 Fama -...抉

完....pdf

快... " ...


_.pdf

抉 y, z , ...妥 挭完; ...

抉....pdf

... 5 D-P T-p 快...( ...

完.pdf

... 梀,...... 2 2...

完抉_.pdf

抉 - 米,... , ...抉...

﹞完_.pdf

20%,完 J...AMESim﹞ 10r7 ﹞,...

|
All rights reserved Powered by www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021
縺zhit325@126.com