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大学体验英语unit5 passage B

大学体验英语 unit5 Passage B 语言点 译文 课后答案
Think About It:

1. What kind of image does a superman produce in your mind? Answer:A superman in my mind should look very strong and very smart, and with super-natural perseverance and a warm heart. 2. Have you ever watched a horse-riding competition? Answer:Yes, I have, but it was on TV. Horse-riding is very popular in many other western countries. It is very exciting and attracts huge crowds of people. But sometimes an accident may happen if it is not handled properly. 3 .What are the biggest difficulties you have met with in your life and how did you overcome them? Answer:One of the biggest difficulties I met with was that when I was in senior high school I had a bicycle accident. My leg was broken and I stayed in hospital for several weeks. At that time, the national entrance exam was around the corner. So I spent days and nights in the hospital reviewing my lessons and finally I succeeded. The information in a passage can be organized in different ways. In what way can identifying passage organization help you in your reading?

Read and think
1.Work with your partner and answer the following questions.

1. How did Christopher Reeve fall off the horse?

Answer:The horse stopped suddenly, but Christopher kept going. This caused him to be thrown

forward over the horse’s head.

2. What did Christopher Reeve manage to do after the operation?

Answer:He managed to breathe on his own.

3.How long did Christopher Reeve stay in the hospital?

Answer:He stayed in the hospital for about seven months.

4.Why did Christopher Reeve begin to make public speeches after he left the hospital?

Answer:He made speeches to advise people not to give up whenever they face challenges.

5.What can we learn from Christopher?

Answer:He was just like a Superman in real life. He was dashing, handsome, and strong. He skied,

sailed, flew planes, went scuba diving, rode horses, played tennis — and did it all with skill and ease.

2. Choose the best answer to each question with the information from the passage.

Anwser: 1.B, 2.D, 3.B, 4.D, 5.A

Language Focus
3. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Anwser: 1. bound 2. sustain 3. obstacle 4. restored 5. approval 6. shift 7. emphasize 8. undergo 9. invincible 10. appearance

Read and complete
4. Complete the following sentences with phrases or expressions chosen from the passage. Change the form where necessary. Anwser: 1. set out 2. at a time 3. in ... shape 4. stopped short 5. turned to

Read and translate
5. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 由于公共汽车司机突然刹车,旅客们都不由自主地向前摔倒。(brake, pitch forward) Answer:All the passengers pitched forward because the bus driver braked sharply. 2. 这个协议将冲破对自由贸易设置的障碍。(break through, obstacle) Answer:This agreement will break through the obstacles to free trade. 3 .我刚放下叫出租车的电话,车就来了。(soon after) Answer:The taxi arrived soon after I rang for it. 4. 在过去,不管我什么时候到家,我父母总会等我。(no matter) Answer:My parents always waited up for me no matter what time I got home. 5 .由于没有一方愿意让步,两个公司之间的对话完全破裂了。(break down) Answer:Talks between the two companies completely broke down, because neither of them wanted to give in

Reading Skills Practice

Answer: 1. The paragraph is organized in time sequence. Christopher set out to prove the doctors wrong. First of all, he wanted to breathe on his own. Five months after the accident, he asked to be taken off the respirator. He managed just 10 feeble breaths before being reconnected to the breathing tube. Refusing to be discouraged, Christopher took a few more breaths the next day. By the fourth day, he was able to breathe seven minutes without assistance. After three months, he could sustain himself for 90 minutes at a time. By the end of 1995, he was able to go home. 2. The order of his recovery process is as follows: ?He asked to be taken off the respirator and managed just 10 feeble breaths. ?He took a few more breaths. ?He was able to breathe seven minutes without assistance. ?He could sustain himself for 90 minutes at a time. ?He was able to go home.

Translation 译文

克里斯托弗· 里夫 — 真正的超人

克里斯托弗要证明医生们错了。首先,他想 他“比飞速前行的子弹还快,比火车头更有 力,轻轻一跃就能跳上高大的建筑物。”他就是 全世界最伟大的超级英雄。1977 年,克里斯托 弗·里夫出演超人系列电影,全国观众欢呼喝 彩。克里斯托弗活跃、英俊、强壮,一如影片中 的超人,而且似乎战无不胜。他滑雪、驾船、驾 驶飞机、潜水、骑马、打网球,无一不是技艺高 超,挥洒自如。谁也无法想象克里斯托弗会是另 外一种样子。 1995 年 5 月 27 日,一切都改变了。当时克 里斯托弗和妻子达纳·莫罗西尼带着年幼的儿子 威尔待在弗吉尼亚州。他参加了一项为期三天的 马术比赛。他的坐骑“东方快车”看上去状态颇 佳。42 岁的克里斯托弗也显得同样神采奕奕,气 定神闲。 对克里斯托弗而言,比赛进行得很顺利,虽 没有名列前茅,但也没有落到最后。但在一场两 英里的障碍赛中,第三次跨越障碍时,马和骑手 之间不知怎么失去了默契。“东方快车”突然停 了下来,可是克里斯托弗还在继续前行,他身子 飞过马的头顶,头部着地摔了下来:一动不动, 甚至没有呼吸。 克里斯托弗颅腔底部的脊柱折 断了,导致颈部以下瘫痪。他不能说话,甚至无 虽然克里斯托弗很坚强,但也还是有不顺心 的时候。事故后的一年里,他面临着血栓问题, 后来又得了肺炎。有一天做理疗时,他摔在地 上,折断了一条胳膊。 每天他都要与自身现实做斗争。“早晨,我 需要 20 分钟去哭泣,”他对一个记者说。在梦 克里斯托弗同样也重新开始工作。很显然, 他不可能再去扮演以前的角色了,于是转而执 导。他的处女作影片《暮色如斯》证明创作灵感 并没有离他而去。 在那以后不久,克里斯托弗觉得自己已经做 好准备,可以重新面对世界了。他有话要说。他 想告诉人们,不论面对怎样的挑战,都不能放 弃。他开始频频在公众场合出现,在多伦多作过 激扬的演说,在波士顿大学毕业典礼上进行过讲 演。不论克里斯托弗出现在哪里,人们都起立喝 彩,很多人甚至泪流满面。 靠自己呼吸。事故过后 5 个月,他要求拿掉呼吸 器。他只勉强地呼吸了 10 次就得重新连上呼吸 管。克里斯托弗毫不气馁,第 2 天又多呼吸了几 次。到第 4 天的时候,他不用帮助可以呼吸 7 分 钟了。3 个月以后,他可以一次持续呼吸 90 分 钟。1995 年底,他已经可以回家了。

法自主呼吸。当时医生们认为他的生存几率只有 50%。 绝望攫住了克里斯托弗·里夫的心。他想, 也许放弃生存的努力是最佳的方案。死亡似乎是 最不费劲、痛苦最少的一件事。他想放弃生存对 家人而言也是最佳方案。但这时他看见妻子达纳 站在他身边,对他说:“你依然是你。我爱 你。” 从那一刻开始,克里斯托弗一心只想着活下 去。他鼓起勇气,开始为生命而战斗。几天以 后,克里斯托弗接受了手术,术后他的上半身恢 复了一些知觉。不过,医生们仍然不乐观。他可 能永远不能再走路了。他也许永远就只能靠着呼 吸器来呼吸了。

中和儿子奔跑玩耍,梦醒之后他需要 20 分钟来 “清醒和调整??”。 但擦干眼泪后,克里斯托弗总会悄声说: “好了,前进!”这些话证明,尽管他无法控制 自己的身体,但仍拥有他的勇气,他的精神,他 的内在力量。在这个意义上,他依旧是—也将永 远是—超人!

Language Points

1.approval: 1) admiration for someone Examples: Oliver looked at Simon with approval. We all like others to show approval of what we do. 2) the act of approving Examples: He expressed his approval of the arrangement. Dad indicated his approval with a nod of the head.

2.invincible: too strong to be overcome or defeated Examples: Young athletes think of themselves to be invincible. That football team was once reputed to be invincible.

3.ease: 1) the ability to do something without difficulty Examples: The wall is so low that they jump over it with ease.

I was impressed by the ease with which the information would be retrieved. 2) the state of being comfortable and without worry and anxiety Examples: The retired couple lives a life of ease. Let me put you at ease; we are all here as your friends, not to make life difficult for you.

4.relax: become less tense Examples: The music will help to relax you. His face relaxed in a smile.

5.obstacle: something in the way that stops progress or makes it difficult Examples: A tree fallen across the road was an obstacle to our car. Fear of change is an obstacle to progress.

6.communication: the act or action of communicating Examples: Speech and writing are man’s most important methods of communication. Good communication is vital in a large organization.

7.break down: fail; (of machinery) fail to work Examples: The peace talks have broken down. We are sorry to arrive late, but the car broke down.

8.short: suddenly Examples: The rider pulled his horse up short. The driver stopped short when the child ran into the street.

9.pitch: (cause to) fall heavily or suddenly forwards or outwards Examples: The man lost his balance and pitched down the cliff. His foot caught in a rock and he pitched forward.

10.result in: have as a result; cause Examples: The accident resulted in the deaths of 2 passengers. His angry words resulted in a fight.

11.on one’s own: without help Examples: I can’t carry it on my own; it is too heavy. Do you mean you’ve left her to do that on her own? the time: at the moment when something happened Examples: He called at my office yesterday morning, but I could not see him, as I was having a meeting at the time. I told you at the time that you could do it.

13.despair: (v.) lose hope of Examples: Don’t despair: things will get better soon. During the war, the soldier despaired of ever coming home alive. (n.) complete lack or loss of hope Examples: Defeat after defeat filled us with despair. His despair of becoming a great artist made him stop painting.

14.give up: stop having or doing Examples: She had to give up her attempt to swim across the Channel. John had given up attending the Board meeting.

15.undergo: experience (especially suffering or difficulty) Examples: The explorers had to undergo much suffering. I hope I shall never again have to undergo such an unpleasant experience.

16.restore: bring back to a good or desirable state, especially of health Examples: He feels completely restored to health after a period of intensive care. The doctor restored her power of speech.

17.emphasize: place special attention on Examples: He emphasized the importance of being honest.

The teacher emphasized the importance of care in crossing the road.

18.aid: support; help Examples: The family lived on government aid for two years. A dictionary is an important aid in learning a new language.

19.set out: begin a course of action Examples: He set out to break the world record. He set out to cut the grass, but he finished up talking to the neighbor over the garden wall.

20.sustain: (enable to) keep up, maintain Examples: They had nothing to sustain them all day except two cups of coffee. The teacher tried hard to sustain the children’s interest in learning English. a time: one (two etc.) on each occasion; separately Examples: He took the stairs two at a time. I’m away a couple of weeks at a time.

22.turn to: shift to Examples: After he left the university, he became a teacher, but later he turned to journalism. In a time of grief, it often helps to turn to some new activity.

23.despite: in spite of Examples: He came to the meeting despite his illness. Despite a shortage of steel, industrial output has increased by five percent. ↑TOP



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